People in Pakistan are desperate for help from outside... country indeed going through that
Nadeem F. Paracha today explains that AMRIKA DUNNING-KRUGER EFFECT and how it is playing in politics in the Dawn News...
https://www.dawn.com/news/1723397/smokers-corner-the-dunning-kruger-effect-in-politicsthe Dunning-Kruger Effect happens when someone is ignorant of their own ignorance, but are overconfident in their knowledge or abilities.
Not all politicians are cynical manipulators, twisting a known fact and replacing it with a faulty one. They may actually believe the faulty fact to be true.
In the US, some commentators called the Trump incumbency the ‘Dunning-Kruger Presidency.’ Anson noted that, not only were Trump’s supporters exhibiting signs of the Effect, but the president too. The American columnist Martie Sirois wrote that Trump was “pretty much an imbecile in everything, only he didn’t know he’s an imbecile.”
According to Anson, “Trump appeared to opine incredibly confidently about topics he appeared to know little about.” Indeed, populists are notorious for exaggerating things and even outright lying. But they are most likely conscious of this.
However, there are enough examples which demonstrate that populists such as Trump, Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, Hungary’s Viktor Orbán and Imran Khan, while blurting incorrect information, probably believed that what they were saying was correct.
Accepting one’s ignorance about some topics can be a humble trait, but this does not bode well with the image that populist politicians shape for themselves.
Anson also noticed — during the 2016 US presidential election — that many commentators and analysts (especially on social media) too were showing signs of the Dunning-Kruger Effect. Anson found their “analyses” as “bombastic”. By this he meant they were riddled with exaggerations and superficial knowledge of America’s political process and history.
This is quite evident in the political analyst circles of Pakistan as well. Recently, after Khan was ousted as prime minister and was striving to overthrow the government that had replaced him, a majority of analysts were of the view that he would succeed. He didn’t. Only a handful of political commentators were able to see that he would fail.
The difference between the two views was that the latter one was coming from those who were well aware of how politics in general, and of Pakistan in particular, plays out. They had good historical knowledge and more reliable contemporary sources.
Others seem to have been caught in the polemical battle between Khan’s party and the government. Add to this a weak knowledge of politics and history and you either end up being an inadvertent propagandist, or very naive.
But just as humbly claiming ignorance does look good on populists, many analysts who have flooded social media believe the same. Drawing room chatter, gossip and rumours are their primary sources, and their superficial knowledge about history and the dynamics of local politics is their undoing.
And when the more ‘neutral’ ones among this lot couldn’t get the result that they were predicting, they began to deliver lectures on the ‘immoral cynicism’ of the final outcome. This again exhibits a lack of knowledge of what politics is. It is neither moral nor immoral. It is amoral. Politics is not about a contest between good and evil, but between contesting strands of the smart and the clever.
‘Principled politics’ is not about being nice and transparent — it is about following the rules of the game laid down by the competing parties. Any party not following these rules, no matter how moralistic it is posing itself to be, is the one operating from the wrong end.
The Dunning-Kruger Effect in this case is that, probably, the party is not even aware of this.
Indeed Like AMRIKA Trump., our Imran Khan are experts in every field... guys like these prophets .. they have direct links with allah god and how to play politics in this internet age