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 Topic: Qur'anic studies today

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  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1650 - November 13, 2017, 05:27 PM

    Ahmad Al-Jallad - The Arabic of the Islamic Conquests: Notes on Phonology and Morphology based on the Greek Transcriptions from the First Islamic Century
    Transcriptions are crucial to the understanding of the pronunciation of a dead language. Our knowledge of second millennium Canaanite was greatly enhanced by spellings in Egyptian and cuneiform, Ugaritic by cuneiform transcriptions, and Greek transcriptions played a major role in our understanding of the historical phonology of Aramaic. Greek transcriptions of pre-Islamic Arabic (Old Arabic) are abundant and have also played an important role in forming our picture of that language’s phonology (Al-Jallad 2017). However, until recently, the integration of transcriptions into the reconstruction of the Arabic of the early Islamic period has not enjoyed the same attention. Descriptions of the language by eighth-century Arabic Grammarians formed the lens through which all material from this period has been viewed. Yet several important studies on the Arabic pre-dating the grammatical tradition raise questions about the validity of this approach, and my work on Old Arabic, I believe, has revealed a language that is in many ways significantly different to that to which the Grammarians were witnesses. There is, therefore, no reason to assume that the language spoken by the Arab conquerors was identical to the register studied and codified over a century later. Thus, the Greek transcriptions of Arabic during the first century of the Arab Conquests represent a precious source of data for the pronunciation, and even some aspects of the grammar, of Arabic before the establishment of a normative grammatical tradition.

  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1651 - November 15, 2017, 11:52 PM

    Averil Cameron - Late Antique Apocalyptic: a Context for the Qur’an?
    There is no question that fears of the coming of Antichrist, or predictions of the end of the world, are common in late antique sources, as are concerns about divine justice and providence. But the many such passages commonly cited in discussions of late antique apocalyptic are striking above all for their variety, and for their very varied literary contexts. I have not tried in this paper to make the necessary critical comparison between these and the eschatology we find in the Qur’an, but indeed the latter does indeed seem different, whether from the political-historical apocalypses and from the more diffuse Christian anxieties of the age. I would also like to emphasise yet again the sheer variety in the Christian material; pace Magdalino, cited above, not even the elements remained the same. Furthermore the apocalyptic works as such often have no clear context, even if we can agree that beyond them lay a complex and wide-ranging area of Christian hope and Christian anxiety. Given such a situation, identifying possible lines of influence in any more precise way between these highly fluid texts and ways of thinking and the Qur’anic message seems to be just as difficult as the other manifold problems with which the latter is surrounded. Yet it is easy to see the level of bewilderment and uncertainty which many Christians must have felt, as well as what must have seemed to many the overall lack of a clear message. Perhaps the idea of Islam as a reform movement against this confused background is a better explanation for its eschatological message than generalization about the possible influence of an ‘apocalyptic spirit’ that was somehow characteristic of ‘late antiquity’.

  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1652 - November 15, 2017, 11:54 PM

    Aaron  Butts - North Arabian Features in the Nabataean Aramaic Inscriptions from Madāʾin Ṣāliḥ: A Contact-Linguistic Analysisʾin_S_a_lih_A_Contact-Linguistic_Analysis
  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1653 - November 17, 2017, 12:50 AM

    Butts establishes that the Nabataeans were (North) arabophones ; a very interesting paper.
  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1654 - November 17, 2017, 01:13 AM

    He is an outstanding scholar.
  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1655 - November 19, 2017, 05:50 PM

    Robert Hoyland responds to recent critiques of his recent work on the Islamic conquests by Fred Donner and Peter Webb in the most recent issue of al-`Usur al-Wusta
  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1656 - November 19, 2017, 10:15 PM

    Also from al-`Usur al-Wusta

    Philip Wood’s review of Peter Webb’s Imagining the Arabs

    The rest of the current issue of al-`Usur al-Wusta is here:
  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1657 - November 20, 2017, 11:01 AM

    Forthcoming book

    Carlos Segovia - Blood Sacrifice and Ritual Violence in the Bible and the Qur'an
    While present-day Jews, Christians, and Muslims put their emphases on the alleged peaceful nature of their respective faiths, their foundational texts directly and indirectly witness to, codify, and justify, the performance of ritual (i.e. non-circumstantial) violence, particularly blood sacrifice, in different contexts. The corresponding strategies thus set forth for the performance of ritual violence aim, respectively, at the ritual rejection of the other and both the ritual cleansing and the ritual transformation of oneself – including the core transformation of mortality into immortality in the New Testament, which is based on the elsewhere semantically unmatched, if formally paralleled in late-antique religion, death of a god. Equidistant from apologetic vindications and anti-religious denunciations alike, the present study uses an anthropology-of-religion approach in an attempt to typologyse and analyse such strategies and clarify their textual and contextual setting. Additionally, it shows that, their present-day claims notwithstanding and regardless of the adequacy and legitimacy of such claims in today’s world, where countering violence is undoubtedly an urgent need, Jews, Christians, and Muslims must responsibly reflect on, so as to better cope with, the violence inherent in the origins, the thought-word, and the practice of their own religious traditions.

  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1658 - November 20, 2017, 03:53 PM

    Robert Hoyland responds to recent critiques of his recent work on the Islamic conquests by Fred Donner and Peter Webb in the most recent issue of al-`Usur al-Wusta

    The reviews of In God’s Path that Hoyland is responding to:

    Fred Donner:

    Peter Webb:
  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1659 - November 20, 2017, 06:53 PM

    From al-`Usur al-Wusta again

    Fred Donner - The Maturing of Medieval Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies
  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1660 - November 21, 2017, 08:28 PM

    death of a god.

    Is that a new idea? The immortal becoming mortal?

    This is what xianity is about - death where is thy sting? And then the converse becoming possible, the mortal becoming immortal by going through various rituals.

    A claim of Islam is that it is the final revelation, how did it assert it is more important than xianities dying resurrecting god myth?

    Is it claiming it is a final revelation of Judaism and xianity is a wrong path?

    When you are a Bear of Very Little Brain, and you Think of Things, you find sometimes that a Thing which seemed very Thingish inside you is quite different when it gets out into the open and has other people looking at it.

    A.A. Milne,

    "We cannot slaughter each other out of the human impasse"
  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1661 - November 21, 2017, 10:13 PM

    Fred Donner’s tribute to Günter Lüling:

    Ian David Morris having trouble with the umlaut:
  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1662 - November 21, 2017, 11:42 PM

    Is that a new idea? The immortal becoming mortal?

    A god dying, or dying and being reborn? I’m not sure whether there’s anything comparable in other Near Eastern religions.

    Edit: actually there’s Osiris and various others so it wasn’t such a new idea after all.
  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1663 - November 22, 2017, 12:15 AM

    Free online course from Holger Zellentin

    The Qur'an Between Judaism and Christianity:
    Explore the relationship between the Qur'an, Judaism and Christianity

    This online course will illustrate how the Qur’an situates itself as part of, and as a correction to, the religious discourse of the Jewish and Christian communities of Late Antique Arabia.

    The course will use the Qur’an, as well as Jewish and Christian historical documents, to reconstruct the religious landscape to which the Muslim scripture reacts in a pointed, precise and nuanced way.

    This will give you a historically more informed understanding of nascent Islam, and will allow you to reconsider many of theological and cultural tenets of Late Antique Judaism and Christianity.

  • Qur'anic studies today
     Reply #1664 - November 22, 2017, 12:29 AM

    Interview with Mun’im Sirry - Early Islam may not have been the same as today’s Islam
    In 2015, Mun’im Sirry, an assistant professor at the Faculty of Theology at the University of Notre Dame in the US, who has been teaching over the past months at the State Islamic University (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, published a book in Indonesian titled Kontroversi Islam Awal (Controversies over Early Islam). As the title already suggests, it is about debates on the early history of Islam.

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