Peter von Siver’s discussed in a recent lecture (posted here not long ago) the identity of the “associators” (mušrikûn
) in the Quran. Though he nevertheless also identifies the “associators” as Christians, he does not, contrary to scholars such as Lüling and Gallez, consider these Christians to be Trinitarians, but tritheists
, which is an important qualification. This is an interesting proposal that does seem to fit well with other controversial passages dealing with the same topic, e.g. Q 4:117 (“Three [thalātha
]) and Q 5:73 (“Allāh is the third of three” [thālithu thalāthatin
]). You can see the lecture here: https://bit.ly/2Uk0xSr
(the relevant part starts from 37:38 onwards). Please share your thoughts.