So this folder deals with "Philosophy"
And we all know Islamic Philosophy is very unique in the sense many educated Muslims and Muslim Intellectuals think that Islam/Islamic Philosophy that we read in Islamic scriptures Quran+ hadith(some) is the beginning of the age of Human enlightenment and everything before the birth of Islam was nothing but bull shit or bull shit was added in to whatever Prophets said/wrote before Islam. Any ways, So this Islamic Philosophy folder is not complete if we don't discuss one of the greatest Muslims(at least for Indian sub continent) of recent times and that is This man..
Allama Iqbal (1877-1938) : No doubt he was one of great Persons of his times
from Indian subcontinent ..
So today NOVEMBER 9(November 9, 1877
) is the birth anniversary of that poet, philosopher and visionary, Allama Muhammad Iqbal. He is Indeed an asset to Pakistan..
Hu! Pakistan?? where was Pakistan?? He died on April 21, 1938
Indeed I am a fool to make him as Pakistani.. Any ways Let us read bit him and his works on his birth anniversary ..
well that is the collection of his famous works Off course there must be plenty in Persian and Urdu Langues.. Let us learn a bit his Personal life..
Mother of Allama Muhammad Iqbal who died on November 9, 1914. Iqbal expressed his feeling of pathos in a poetic form on death
Iqbal with Muslim politicians. (L to R): M. Iqbal (third), Syed Zafarul Hasan (sixth) at Aligarh Muslim University.
Iqbal was born in Sialkot on 9 November 1877 within the Punjab Province of British India (now in Pakistan). His grandparents were Kashmiri Pandits, the Brahmins of the Sapru clan from Kashmir who converted to Islam.
In the 19th century, when Sikhs were taking over rule of Kashmir, his grandfather's family migrated to Punjab. Iqbal often mentioned and commemorated about his Kashmiri Pandit Brahmin lineage in his writings. Iqbal's father, Sheikh Noor Muhammad, was a tailor,
not formally educated but a religious man. Iqbal's mother Imam Bibi was a polite and humble woman who helped the poor and solved the problems of neighbours. She died on 9 November 1914 in Sialkot. Iqbal loved his mother, and on her death he expressed his feelings of pathos in a poetic form elegy.
Iqbal had married three times, in 1895 while studying Bachelor of Arts he had his first marriage with Karim Bibi, the daughter of a Gujarati physician Khan Bahadur Ata Muhammad Khan, through an arranged marriage. They had daughter Miraj Begum and son Aftab Iqbal. Later Iqbal's second marriage was with Sardar Begum mother of Javid Iqbal and third marriage with Mukhtar Begum in December 1914.
Iqbal was influenced by the teachings of Sir Thomas Arnold, his philosophy teacher at Government college Lahore, Arnold's teachings determined Iqbal to pursue higher education in the West. In 1905, he traveled to England for his higher education. Iqbal qualified for a scholarship from Trinity College in Cambridge and obtained Bachelor of Arts in 1906, and in the same year he was called to the bar as a barrister from Lincoln's Inn. In 1907, Iqbal moved to Germany to study doctorate and earned PhD degree from the Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich in 1908. Working under the guidance of Friedrich Hommel, Iqbal published his doctoral thesis in 1908 entitled: The Development of Metaphysics in Persia.
During Iqbal's stay in Heidelberg, Germany in 1907 his German teacher Emma Wegenast taught him about Goethe's Faust, Heine and Nietzsche. During his study in Europe, Iqbal began to write poetry in Persian. He prioritized it because he believed he had found an easy way to express his thoughts. He would write continuously in Persian throughout his life.
Hu! .. Zebra product .... well I will add more later...