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 Topic: Islamic Philosophers....Allama Muhammad Iqbal

 (Read 7512 times)
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  • Islamic Philosophers....Allama Muhammad Iqbal
     OP - November 09, 2013, 11:52 PM

    So this folder deals with  "Philosophy" And we all know Islamic Philosophy is very unique in the sense many educated Muslims and Muslim Intellectuals think that Islam/Islamic Philosophy that we read in Islamic scriptures Quran+ hadith(some)  is the beginning of the age of   Human enlightenment and everything before the birth of Islam was nothing  but bull shit or bull shit was added in to whatever Prophets said/wrote before Islam. Any ways, So this Islamic Philosophy folder is not complete if we don't discuss one of the greatest Muslims(at least for Indian sub continent) of recent times and that is This man..

    Allama Iqbal (1877-1938) : No doubt he was one of great Persons of his times from Indian subcontinent ..

    So today  NOVEMBER 9(November 9, 1877) is the birth anniversary of that  poet, philosopher and visionary, Allama Muhammad Iqbal. He is Indeed  an asset to Pakistan..

    Hu! Pakistan?? where was Pakistan??  He died on  April 21, 1938  Huh? Indeed I am a fool to make him as Pakistani.. Any ways Let us read bit him and his works on his birth anniversary ..

    well that is the collection of  his famous works Off course there must be plenty  in Persian and Urdu Langues.. Let us learn a bit his  Personal life..

    Mother of Allama Muhammad Iqbal who died on November 9, 1914. Iqbal expressed his feeling of pathos in a poetic form on death

    Iqbal with Muslim politicians. (L to R): M. Iqbal (third), Syed Zafarul Hasan (sixth) at Aligarh Muslim University.

    Iqbal was born in Sialkot on 9 November 1877 within the Punjab Province of British India (now in Pakistan). His grandparents were Kashmiri Pandits, the Brahmins of the Sapru clan from Kashmir who converted to Islam. In the 19th century, when Sikhs were taking over rule of Kashmir, his grandfather's family migrated to Punjab. Iqbal often mentioned and commemorated about his Kashmiri Pandit Brahmin lineage in his writings.  Iqbal's father, Sheikh Noor Muhammad, was a tailor, not formally educated but a religious man. Iqbal's mother Imam Bibi was a polite and humble woman who helped the poor and solved the problems of neighbours. She died on 9 November 1914 in Sialkot. Iqbal loved his mother, and on her death he expressed his feelings of pathos in a poetic form elegy.

    Iqbal had married three times, in 1895 while studying Bachelor of Arts he had his first marriage with Karim Bibi, the daughter of a Gujarati physician Khan Bahadur Ata Muhammad Khan, through an arranged marriage. They had daughter Miraj Begum and son Aftab Iqbal. Later Iqbal's second marriage was with Sardar Begum mother of Javid Iqbal and third marriage with Mukhtar Begum in December 1914.

    Iqbal was influenced by the teachings of Sir Thomas Arnold, his philosophy teacher at Government college Lahore, Arnold's teachings determined Iqbal to pursue higher education in the West.  In 1905, he traveled to England for his higher education. Iqbal qualified for a scholarship from Trinity College in Cambridge and obtained Bachelor of Arts in 1906, and in the same year he was called to the bar as a barrister from Lincoln's Inn. In 1907, Iqbal moved to Germany to study doctorate and earned PhD degree from the Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich in 1908. Working under the guidance of Friedrich Hommel, Iqbal published his doctoral thesis in 1908 entitled: The Development of Metaphysics in Persia.

    During Iqbal's stay in Heidelberg, Germany in 1907 his German teacher Emma Wegenast taught him about Goethe's Faust, Heine and Nietzsche. During his study in Europe, Iqbal began to write poetry in Persian. He prioritized it because he believed he had found an easy way to express his thoughts. He would write continuously in Persian throughout his life.

    Hu! .. Zebra product  ....  well I will add more later...

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
  • Islamic Philosophers....Allama Muhammad Iqbal
     Reply #1 - November 10, 2013, 12:04 AM

    Some Videos on Allama Muhammad Iqbal

    Dr. Annemarie Schimmel on Allama Muhammad Iqbal

    Annemarie Schimmel, SI, HI, (April 7, 1922 – January 26, 2003) was a well known and very influential German Orientalist and scholar, who wrote extensively on Islam and Sufism. She was a professor at Harvard University from 1967 to 1992.

     After working voluntarily for half a year in the Reich Labour Service she began studying at the University of Berlin in 1939 at the age of 17, during the period of Nazi Germany. In November 1941 she received a doctorate with the thesis "The position of the Caliph and the Qadi in Late Medieval Egypt" (Die Stellung des Kalifen und der Qadis im spätmittelalterlichen Ägypten). Following this, she was drafted by the German Foreign Office while continuing with her scholarly work in her free time. From May to September 1945 she was detained by US authorities. At the age of 23, she became a professor of Arabic and Islamic studies at the University of Marburg, Germany in 1946, where she earned a second doctorate in the history of religions in 1954.

    A turning point in her life came in 1954 when she was appointed Professor of the History of Religion at the University of Ankara (Turkey). There she spent five years teaching in Turkish and immersing herself in the culture and mystical tradition of the country.

    She was a faculty member at Harvard University from 1967 to 1992 and became Professor Emerita of Indo-Muslim Culture upon her retirement.  In 1954, Schimmel began to work as a Professor of the History of Religions at Ankara University, Turkey. She was also an honorary professor at the University of Bonn. She published more than 50 books on Islamic literature, mysticism and culture, and translated Persian, Urdu, Arabic, Sindhi and Turkish poetry and literature into English and German

    she had defended the outrage of the Islamic world against Salman Rushdie in a television interview

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
  • Islamic Philosophers....Allama Muhammad Iqbal
     Reply #2 - November 10, 2013, 04:17 AM

    this is very informative. i never knew iqbal had studied Nietzsche
  • Islamic Philosophers....Allama Muhammad Iqbal
     Reply #3 - July 25, 2016, 04:27 PM

    History: The Hindu Origins of Allama Sir Mohammad Iqbal

    I am beholden to P.V. Rawal of Jammu for sending me a photograph of Allama Iqbal’s Kashmiri Brahmin family taken in Sialkot in 1931. At this time Iqbal was in his mid-fifties. He had already risen to the top as the greatest Urdu poet, at par with Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib. Although he was proud of his Brahmin descent, he had nothing to say about his Hindu relations. In this picture, the elderly lady seated in the middle is his grandmother, Indirani Sapru, nicknamed Poshi, wife of Pandit Kanhaya Lal Sapru. The man standing on the left in a shawl is Iqbal’s cousin, Amarnath Sapru; note the close resemblance to the poet.

    The family traces its origin to one Birbal. They lived in the village of Saprain (hence, the surname Sapru) on Shopian-Kulgam road. Then the family moved to Srinagar where Iqbal and most of his cousins were born. Birbal had five sons and a daughter. The third one, Kanhaya Lal, and his wife, Indirani, had three sons and five daughters. Kanhaya Lal was Iqbal’s grandfather. His son, Rattan Lal, converted to Islam and was given the name Nur Mohammad. He married a Muslim woman — Imam Bibi. The Saprus disowned Rattan Lal and severed all connections with him. There are different versions of Rattan Lal’s conversion. The one given to me by Syeda Hameed, who has translated some of Iqbal’s poetry into English, maintains that Rattan Lal was the revenue collector of the Afghan governor of Kashmir. He was caught embezzling money. The governor offered him a choice: he should either convert to Islam or be hanged. Rattan Lal chose to stay alive. When the Afghan governor fled from Kashmir to escape its takeover by the Sikhs, Rattan Lal migrated to Sialkot. Imam Bibi was evidently a Sialkoti Punjabi. Iqbal was born in Sialkot on November 9, 1877. As often happens, the first generation of converts are more kattar than others. Iqbal thus grew up to be a devout Muslim. It is believed that once he called on his Hindu grandmother, then living in Amritsar. But there is no hard evidence of their meeting and of what passed between them; Iqbal did not write about it. Though he had many Hindu and Sikh friends and admirers, he felt that the future of Indian Muslims lay in having a separate state of their own. Iqbal was the principal ideologue of what later become Pakistan. Iqbal’s mother-tongue was Punjabi but he never wrote in it. He used only Persian and Urdu, as did many Urdu poets before him.

    and that is written in by   BY DR. ABDUL ALIM ON JULY 27, 2013

    but BABBOONS FROM LAND OF PURE tell  different story

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
  • Islamic Philosophers....Allama Muhammad Iqbal
     Reply #4 - November 09, 2017, 05:42 PM

    How Jinnah and Iqbal's vision for Pakistan differed by  Dr Syed Jaffar Ahmed.    November 09, 2017

    Mohammad Iqbal: Appraisal of His Writings  on Islam and Partition of India  by  Amit Ranjan, PhD

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
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