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Theme Changer

 Topic: Chronological History of Islam

 (Read 17337 times)
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  • Chronological History of Islam
     OP - October 19, 2012, 09:40 PM

    Chronological History of v Islam Starting From Prophet's Time  

    Quote
    545: Birth of Abdullah, the Holy Prophet's father.
    571: Birth of the Holy Prophet. Year of the Elephant. Invasion of Makkah by Abraha the Viceroy of Yemen, his retreat.
    577: The Holy Prophet visits Madina with his mother. Death of his mother.
    580: Death of Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of the Holy Prophet.
    583: The Holy Prophet's journey to Syria in the company of his uncle Abu Talib. His meeting with the monk Bahira at Bisra who foretells of his prophethood.
    586: The Holy Prophet participates in the war of Fijar.
    591: The Holy Prophet becomes an active member of "Hilful Fudul", a league for the relief of the distressed.
    594: The Holy Prophet becomes the Manager of the business of Lady Khadija, and leads her trade caravan to Syria and back.
    595: The Holy Prophet marries Hadrat Khadija. ..y

    So according to Islamic sources Prophet Muhammad was  born in the year 571 and married Khadija in the year 595..  We should note here until this time i.e. year 594., there is  no  big deal about that young fellow   Mohammad., No hint of any God/Allah choosing him as his/her/its messenger.. But many of the so-called Islamic religious propagandists  write so much nonsense about this young guy even before that alleged Allah revelations took place in that Hira cave stories over stories  to brain wash children and brain wash themselves .  Let me put some links on that..


    Quote
    Interesting stories about Prophet Muhammad's childhood

    Abdul Muttalib (Prophet Muhammad's grandfather) was more passionate with his grandson (young Muhammad) than with his own children. He never left the boy a prey to loneliness, but always preferred him to his own kids. Ibn Hisham reported: A mattress was put in the shade of Al-Ka'bah for Abdul Muttalib. His children used to sit around that mattress in honour to their father, but Muhammad used to sit on it. His uncles would take him back, but if Abdul Muttalib was present, he would say: "Leave my grandson. I swear by Allah that this boy will hold a significant position." He used to seat the boy on his mattress, pat his back and was always pleased with what the boy did. Source: Ibn Hihsam, 1/168.

    It is also reported that during Amina's (Prophet Muhammad's mother) pregnancy, she felt no pain or discomfort. She had always heard women complaining about the hardships of pregnancy, but she felt very well. During these months Amina had many dreams. One night in a dream she saw a light coming out of her. The light was shining on castles of Syria. Source: Tabaqat Ibn Sa'd, 1/63.


    Quote
    What happened before and after the birth of Prophet Muhammad

    Abdulmuttalib was asleep in Kaaba. He had a strange dream. He saw a tree growing until it reached the sky. The tree had branches that spread to the East and the West. It appeared that a very bright light was shining on the tree. Abdulmutalib saw the Arabs and the non-Arabs bow to the tree. The tree continued growing larger, higher, and brighter. Then he saw some people from Quraysh holding to the branches of the tree, while other Qurayshis tried to chop down the tree. A very handsome youth stopped them from chopping down the tree. Abdulmuttalib saw himself put his hand out to grab the tree, but he could not reach it. He woke up from his sleep frightened.

    Abdulmuttalib sat thinking of the dream and what it meant, but he could not find an explanation for it. The next morning he went to the priestess of the Quraysh to ask her to explain the dream. The Arabs always asked the priest or priestess for the explanation of dreams.

    When the priestess saw Abdulmuttalib, she saw sign of worry on his face, so she asked, "why do you look so worried:"

    Abdulmuttalib answered, " I had a dream that frightened me." Then he told her all about the dream.

    When he finished, she said, "if your dream ever comes true, then one of your sons will control the East and the West. All the people will follow him."

    Abdulmuttalib was pleased with what the priestess had told him. Later when he met his son Abu Talib he told him about the dream and what priestess had said. Then he said to his son, Abu Talib, " I hope you are the one the priestess meant in her explanation."

    But the intended one was not Abu Talib. The one the priestess mean was the yet unborn grandson of Abdulmuttalib. Abdulmuttalib had grandson named Abdullah who was married to Amina, daughter of Wahb. Amina was expecting a baby. Before the baby was born, Abdullah had gone on a trading trip. He became ill on the trip and had died. Abdullah never saw his son.

    During her pregnancy, Amina felt no pain or discomfort. She had always heard women complaining about the hardships of pregnancy, but she felt very well. During these months Amina had many dreams. One night in a dream she saw a light coming out of her. The light was shining on castles of Syria.

    Another night she heard a voice in her dream. The voice said, "Amina, you are carrying the greatest man in the world. When you give birth, give him the name, Muhammad and tell no one about this dream."

    Amina woke up and looked around but there was no one in the room. She tried to go to sleep again but she was still thinking about what she had heard in the dream.

    It was time for Amina's baby to be born. She gave birth to a beautiful, clean baby boy. Since the boy's father had died months earlier, Amina sent the news to her son's grandfather, Abdulmuttalib. Abdulmuttalib was sitting in the Kaaba when the news came. He was delighted. He went to Amina and carried the boy happily to the Kaaba. When he brought the baby back to her, he said, " I have named him Quthm."

    Abdulmuttalib had a boy named Quthm but he had died when he was nine years old. That made Abdulmuttalib very sad. So when Amina gave birth to a boy, Abdulmuttalib wanted to name him after the dead boy.

    Amina had to tell him, " I was ordered in a dream to call him Muhammad." Abdulmuttalib picked up the baby, kissed him and said, " I hope that my grandson, Muhammad, will be a great man."

    On the seventh day after Mohammed's birth, Abdulmuttalib ordered animals to be slaughtered and asked the people of Makka to come to a feast. After everyone had eaten, Abdulmuttalib brought out his grandson, Muhammad, to show the people. Everyone said that he was such a beautiful baby. The people also felt sad for the baby because he was an orphan. His father had died before seeing him.

    One of the men asked Abdulmuttalib, " What did you name him?" Abdulmuttalib answered , " I have named Muhammad."

    Another man asked in surprise, "why did you name him Muhammad? No one in your family or people was ever named Muhammad."

    Abdulmuttalib did not want to reveal that Amina was asked in a dream to name him Muhammad, so he said, " I wanted Allah to praise him in Heaven and I wanted people to praise him on Earth."

    When the visitors left, not one of them realized that this orphan baby was the one chosen to lead them from darkness to light. They did not know he was the answer to Ibrahim's prayer the day Ibrahim was ordered to build the Kaaba:

    "Our Lord, send unto them a messenger from among themselves to show them your signs, to teach them the Qur'an and wisdom, and to purify them. You are All-Mighty and All-Wise." (The Qur'an Al-Baqara 128)

    great great story..  was it real??  who knows allah knows the best .. No..No it was real.. well will continue on that year wise history of Islam,

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Re: Chronological History of v Islam Starting From Prophet of Islam
     Reply #1 - October 19, 2012, 09:52 PM

    Dreams and visions and random arbitrary accounts of things nobody could possibly have reliably reported. No documentation, nothing that could actually be held up to scrutiny. Just smoke and mirrors. No wonder so many Muslims freak out when someone actually devotes some real scholarship into looking into Islam's origins and Mohammed's history. Honestly, JK Rowling put more thought into the mythology, magic and prophesies in the Harry Potter series.

    "Blessed are they who can laugh at themselves, for they shall never cease to be amused."

    Help keep this forum going! Donate to the Council of ExMuslims here: ex-muslim.org.uk/donate
  • Re: Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #2 - October 19, 2012, 09:53 PM

    7th Century (600-632) C.E. ISLAM _ Until the death of Prophet

    So let us get in to the 7th century., Prophet Married in the year  595  that 45 year old Voluptuous Khadija  the  Rich lady of the town (who was already married/divorced )another 15 years  goes by to get his first revelation at the age of  40
     
    Quote
    605: The Holy Prophet arbitrates in a dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in the Kaaba.
    610: The first revelation in the cave at Mt. Hira. The Holy Prophet is commissioned as the Messenger of God.
    613: Declaration at Mt. Sara inviting the general public to Islam.

    614: Invitation to the Hashimites to accept Islam.
    615: Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia.
    616: Second Hijrah to Abysinnia.
    617: Social boycott of the Hashimites and the Holy Prophet by the Quraish. The Hashimites are shut up in a glen outside Makkah.
    619: Lifting of the boycott. Deaths of Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadija. Year of sorrow.


    We must realize until this time prophet   and his Islam is nothing but a local feudal class fighting with each other for power within couple of towns. His REAL ISLAM started after the death of his first wife Khadija.
     
    Quote
    620: Journey to Taif. Ascension to the heavens.
    621: First pledge at Aqaba.
    622: Second pledge at Aqaba. The Holy Prophet and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib.
    623: Nakhla expedition.
    624: Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Bani Qainuqa Jews from Madina.
    625: Battle of Uhud. Massacre of 70 Muslims at Bir Mauna. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Madina. Second expedition of Badr.
    626: Expedition of Banu Mustaliq.
    627: Battle of the Trench. Expulsion of Banu Quraiza Jews.
    628: Truce of Hudaibiya. Expedition to Khyber. The Holy Prophet addresses letters to various heads of states.
    629: The Holy Prophet performs the pilgrimage at Makkah. Expedition to Muta (Romans).
    630: Conquest of Makkah. Battles of Hunsin, Auras, and Taif.
    631: Expedition to Tabuk. Year of Deputations.
    632: Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah.
    632: Death of the Holy Prophet.Election of Hadrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph. Usamah leads expedition to Syria. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battles of Buzakha, Zafar and Naqra. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima, the Liar.

    So Prophet died..  When you look at that Islam during Muhammad's time was just that Meccas and Madina and few tones around Arabia ., The last 13 years of his life was Real Islam.  during those 13 years  of his Islam..   Muslim intellectuals usually devide his life in to different phases

    Quote
    First phase: The "the seeker of truth" deeply troubled by the problems facing humanity. The early part of his life before the initial revelation (Wahy) experience; the phase when he was deeply troubled by the status of society and spent much time pondering over it.


    Second phase: "The recipient of the mantle of prophethood/ the warner and the exhorter". The revelation and its immediate aftermath were a period of both great excitement and torturous self-doubt.

    Third phase: "The stoic optimist". The period of open invitation to Islam, and the brazen hostility it generated. He exhibited inspiring optimism while faced with the great frustrations of an excruciatingly slow progress in the spread of his message. It ends with the ascension (Mi'raj) episode that reconfirmed for him the validity of his mission.

    Fourth phase: "The pluralistic leader". An unexpected avenue for expansion of Islam opened with his Migration (Hijrah) to Madinah. A highlight of this phase was signing the covenant of Madinah that exemplifies his inimitable statesmanship and set standards for pluralism.

    Fifth phase: "The courageous yet reluctant warrior". This phase is marked by a clear change in the direction of his mission, both literally and figuratively, and the battles for survival (Badr, Uhud, Khandaq). The local Jewish communities played a crucial and tragic role in this phase.

    Sixth phase: "The statesman par excellence, and the Teacher". In this phase he signed a peace treaty with the Quraysh and reaped it's dividend. In this phase he exhibited the foresight and perspective to compromise and accept apparently humiliating conditions for peace, this quickly turned into his greatest victory. These few years of peace were marked by the largest increase in conversions to Islam. He proved himself as adept at being an administrator and lawmaker in peace as he was a leader and strategist in war.

    Seventh phase: "The compassionate ruler and spiritual leader". In this final phase he consolidated the remaining objectives before his death.

     write all sort of stories around his life to reinforce the faith . Unfortunately recent scholars question even the existence of Muhammad that is described in early Islam..

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Re: Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #3 - October 20, 2012, 03:00 AM

    So here comes Islam after the death of Alleged Prophet messenger of Allah..


    Quote
    632: Death of the Holy Prophet.Election of Hadrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph.   Usamah leads expedition to Syria. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battles of Buzakha, Zafar and Naqra. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima, the Liar.
    633: Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Mahrah Yemen, and Hadramaut. Raids in Iraq. Battles of Kazima, Mazar, Walaja, Ulleis, Hirah, Anbar, Ein at tamr, Daumatul Jandal and Firaz.
    634: Battles of Basra, Damascus and Ajnadin. Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph. Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia.
    635: Battle of Bridge. Battle of Buwaib. Conquest of Damascus. Battle of Fahl.
    636: Battle of Yermuk. Battle of Qadsiyia. Conquest of Madain.
    637: Conquest of Syria. Fall of Jerusalem. Battle of Jalula.
    638: Conquest of Jazirah.
    639: Conquest of Khuizistan. Advance into Egypt.
    640: Capture of the post of Caesaria in Syria. Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia. Battle of Babylon in Egypt.
    641: Battle of Nihawand. Conquest Of Alexandria in Egypt.
    642: Battle of Rayy in Persia. Conquest of Egypt. Foundation of Fustat.
    643: Conquest of Azarbaijan and Tabaristan (Russia).
    644: Conquest of Fars, Kerman, Sistan, Mekran and Kharan.
    [/u] Martyrdom of Hadrat Umar. Hadrat Othman becomes the Caliph.
    645: Campaigns in Fats.
    646: Campaigns in Khurasan, Armeain and Asia Minor.
    647: Campaigns in North Africa. Conquest of the island of Cypress.
    648: Campaigns against the Byzantines.
    651: Naval battle of the Masts against the Byzantines.

    652: Discontentment and disaffection against the rule of Hadrat Othman.
    656: Martyrdom of Hadrat Othman. Hadrat Ali becomes the Caliph. Battle of the Camel.
    657: Hadrat Ali shifts the capital from Madina to Kufa. Battle of Siffin. Arbitration proceedings at Daumaut ul Jandal.
    658: Battle of Nahrawan.
    659: Conquest of Egypt by Mu'awiyah.
    660: Hadrat Ali recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from Mu'awiyah. Mu'awiyah declares himself as the Caliph at Damascus.
    661: Martyrdom of Hadrat Ali. Accession of Hadrat Hasan and his abdication. Mu'awiyah becomes the sole Caliph.


    Quote
    662: Khawarij revolts.
    666: Raid of Sicily.
    670: Advance in North Africa. Uqba b Nafe founds the town of Qairowan in Tunisia. Conquest of Kabul.
    672: Capture of the island of Rhodes. Campaigns in Khurasan.

    674: The Muslims cross the Oxus. Bukhara becomes a vassal state.
    677: Occupation of Sarnarkand and Tirmiz. Siege of Constantinople.
    680: Death of Muawiyah. Accession of Yazid. Tragedy of Kerbala and martyrdom of Hadrat Hussain.
    682: In North Africa Uqba b Nafe marches to the Atlantic, is ambushed and killed at Biskra. The Muslims evacuate Qairowan and withdraw to Burqa.
    683: Death of Yazid. Accession of Mu'awiyah II.
    684: Abdullah b Zubair declares himself aS the Caliph at'Makkah. Marwan I becomes the Caliph' at Damascus. Battle of Marj Rahat.
    685: Death of Marwan I. Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph at Damascus. Battle of Ain ul Wada.
    686: Mukhtar declares himself as the Caliph at Kufa.
    687: Battle of Kufa between the forces of Mukhtar and Abdullah b Zubair. Mukhtar killed.
    691: Battle of Deir ul Jaliq. Kufa falls to Abdul Malik.
    692: The fall of Makkah. Death of Abdullah b Zubair. Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph.
    695: Khawarij revolts in Jazira and Ahwaz. Battle of the Karun. Campaigns against Kahina in North Africa. The' Muslims once again withdraw to Barqa. The Muslims advance in Transoxiana and occupy Kish.
    700: Campaigns against the Berbers in North Africa.
    702: Ashath's rebellion in Iraq, battle of Deir ul Jamira.
    705: Death of Abdul Malik. Accession of Walid I as Caliph.
    711: Conquest of Spain, Sind and Transoxiana.
    712: The Muslims advance in Spain, Sind and Transoxiana.
    713: Conquest of Multan.
    715: Death of Walid I. Accession of Sulaiman.
    716: Invasion of Constantinople.
    717: Death of Sulaiman. Accession of Umar b Abdul Aziz.
    720: Death of Umar b Abdul Aziz. Accession of Yazid II.
    724: Death of Yazid II. Accession of Hisham.
    725: The Muslims occupy Nimes in France.
    732: The battle of Tours in France.


    So that is the First 100 years of after the  death of Prophet of  Islam .......

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Re: Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #4 - October 25, 2012, 06:33 AM

    Where did Islam go after that  battle of Tours in France in the year 732??   let us read more..

    Quote
    737: The Muslims meet reverse at Avignon in France.
    740: Shia revolt under Zaid b Ali. Berber revolt in North Africa. Battle of the Nobles.
    741: Battle of Bagdoura in North Africa.
    742: The Muslim rule restored in Qiarowan.
    743: Death of Hisham. Accession of Walid II. Shia revolt in Khurasan under Yahya b Zaid.
    744: Deposition of Walid I1. Accession of Yazid II1 and his death. Accession of Ibrahim and his overthrow. Battle of Ain al Jurr. Accession of Marwan II.
    745: Kufa and Mosul occupied by the Khawarjites.
    746: Battle of Rupar Thutha, Kufa and Mosul occupied by Marwan II.
    747: Revolt of Abu Muslim in Khurasan.
    748: Battle of Rayy.
    749: Battles of lsfahan and Nihawand. Capture of Kufa by the Abbasids. As Saffah becomes the Abbasid Caliph at Kufa.
    750: Battle of Zab. Fall of Damascus. End of the Umayyads.
    751: Conquest of Wasit by the Abbasid. Murder of the Minister Abu Salama.
    754: Death of As Saffah. Accession of Mansur as the Caliph.
    755: Revolt of Abdullah b Ali. Murder of Abu Muslim. Sunbadh revolt in Khurasan.
    756: Abdul Rahman founds the Umayyad state in Spain.
    762: Shia revolt under Muhammad (Nafs uz Zakia) and Ibrahim.
    763: Foundation of Baghdad. Defeat of the Abbasids in Spain.
    767: Khariji state set up by Ibn Madrar at Sijilmasa. Ustad Sees revolt in Khurasan.
    772: Battle of Janbi in North Africa. Rustamid. state set up in Morocco.
    775: Death or the Abbasid Caliph Mansur, Accession of Mahdi,
    777: Battle of Saragossa in Spain.
    785: Death of the Caliph Mahdi. Accession of Hadi.
    786: Death of Hadi. Accession of Harun ur Rashid.
    788: Idrisid state set up in the Maghrib. Death of Abdul Rahman of Spain, and accession of Hisham.
    792: Invasion of South France.
    796: Death of Hisham in Spain; accession of al Hakam.
    799: Suppression of the revolt of the Khazars..
    800: The Aghlabid rule is established in North Africa.
    803: Downfall of the Barmakids. Execution of Jafar Barmki.
    805: Campaigns against the Byzantines. Capture of the islands of Rhodes and Cypress.
    809: Death of Harun ur Rashid. Accession of Amin.
    814: Civil war between Amin and Mamun. Amin killed and Mamun becomes the Caliph.
    815: Shia revolt under Ibn Tuba Tabs.
    816: Shia revolt in Makkah; Harsama
    quells the revolt. In Spain the Umayyads capture the island of Corsica.
    817: Harsama killed.
    818: The Umayyads of Spain capture the islands of Izira, Majorica, and Sardinia.
    819: Mamun comes to Baghdad.
    820: Tahir establishes the rule of the Tahirids in Khurasan.
    822: Death of AI Hakam in Spain; accession of Abdul Rahman. II.
    823: Death of Tahir in Khurasan. Accession of Talha and his deposition. Accession of Abdullah b Tahir.
    827: Mamun declares the Mutazila creed as the state religion.
    833: Death of Mamun. Accession of Mutasim.


    And that is total 200 years of Islam  after the death of Prophet  of Islam   .. What do we read in all those  200 years of Islam??   I read  Battles.,  Captures, Executions,   Accessions, MURDERS  but my good friends preach., Islam is a peaceful religion.. Islam expanded by Trade and love ..

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ffhS7u0DZYs

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Re: Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #5 - October 25, 2012, 01:08 PM

    So 200 years in to the Islam after the death of Prophet of Islam  we are already in to Golden Age of Islam. This alleged Golden age of Islam allegedly started in the mid 8th century(~the year 750 and ended around 1350.. Some put that time scale between 800 to 1250)  Let us read another 100 years of Islam  from  that  The Umayyads of Spain capturing  the islands of Izira, Majorica, and Sardinia...

    Quote
    836: Mutasim shifts the capital to Samarra. 837 Revolt of the Jats.
    838: Revolt of Babek in Azarbaijan suppressed.
    839: Revolt of Maziar in Tabaristan. The Muslims occupy South Italy. Capture of the city of Messina in Sicily.
    842: Death of Mutasim, accession of Wasiq.
    843: Revolts of the Arabs.
    847: Death of Wasiq, accession of Mutawakkil.
    850: Mutawakkil restores orthodoxy.
    849: Death of the Tahirid ruler Abdullah b Tahir; accession of Tahir II.
    852: Death of Abdur Rahman II of Spain;. accession of Muhammad I.
    856: Umar b Abdul Aziz founds the Habbarid rule in Sind.
    858: Mutawakkil founds the town of Jafariya.
    860: Ahmad founds the Samanid rule in Transoxiana.
    861: Murder of the Abbasid Caliph Mutawakkil; accession of Muntasir.
    862: Muntasir poisoned to death; accession of Mutasin.
    864: Zaidi state established in Tabaristan by Hasan b Zaid.
    866: Mutasim flies from Samarra, his depostion and accession of Mutaaz.
    867: Yaqub b Layth founds the Saffarid rule in Sistan.
    868: Ahmad b Tulun founds the Tulunid rule in Egypt.
    869: The Abbasid Caliph Mutaaz forced to abdicate, his death and accession of Muhtadi.
    870: Turks revolt against Muhtadi, his death and accession of Mutamid.
    873: Tahirid rule extinguished.
    874: Zanj revolt in South Iraq. Death of the Samanid ruler Ahmad, accession of Nasr.
    877: Death of Yaqubb Layth in Sistan, accession of Amr b Layth.
    885: Death of Ahmad b Tulun in Egypt, accession of Khamar- wiyiah.
    866: Death of Muhammad I the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Munzir. Death of Abdullah b Umar the Habbari ruler of Sind.
    888: Death of Munzir the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Abbullah.
    891: The Qarmatian state established at Bahrain.
    892: Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr, accession of Ismail.
    894: The Rustamids become the vassals of Spain.
    896: Death of the Tulunid ruler Khamarwiyiah; accession of Abul Asakir Jaish.
    897: Assassination of Abul Asakir Jaish; accession of Abu Musa Harun.
    898: Qarmatians sack Basra,
    902: Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muktafi; death of the Saffarid ruler Amr.
    903: Assassination of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Said; accession of Abu Tahir.
    905: Abdullah b Hamdan founds the Hamdanid rule in Mosul and Jazira. End of the Tulunid rule in Egypt.
    907: Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muktafi; accession of Muqtadir,
    908: End of the Saffarid rule, annexation of their territories by the Samanids.
    909: Ubaidullah overthrows the Aghlablds and founds the Fatimid rule in North Africa.
    912: Death of the Umayyad Amir Abdullah in Spain, accession of Abdur Rahman III.
    913: Assassination of the Samanid ruler Ahmad II, accession of Nasr II.
    928: Mardawij b Ziyar founds the Ziyarid rule in Tabaristan.
    929: Qarmatians sack Makkah and carry away the Black Stone from the Holy Kaaba. In Spain, Abdur Rahman III declares himself as the Caliph.
    931: Deposition and restoration of the Abbasid Caliph Muqtadir. Death of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Tahir; accession of Abu Mansur.
    932: Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muqtadir; accession of Al Qahir.
    934: Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph AI Qahir; accession of Ar Radi. Death of the Fatimid Caliph Ubaidullah ; accession of Al Qaim.

    we are in the middle of Golden Age.. I see no gold but lot of infighting and blood spilling..

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Re: Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #6 - October 25, 2012, 02:24 PM

    Quote
    And that is total 200 years of Islam  after the death of Prophet  of Islam   .. What do we read in all those  200 years of Islam??   I read  Battles.,  Captures, Executions,   Accessions, MURDERS  but my good friends preach., Islam is a peaceful religion.. Islam expanded by Trade and love


    Yezevee you have done wonderful job i will try to make this link appear in google on some keywords. Islam means submission and noone easily be ready to submit himself. Study of history gives you hint islam was forcefully spread with the sword. But today they are growing exponentially within  few years either islam will take over the world or fall down. Its upon us If we succeeded growing exponentially islam will fall dawn if we cant then our grandsons will have to obey Sharia laws. 

    Belief is the death of intelligence
  • Re: Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #7 - October 28, 2012, 11:02 AM

    Yezevee you have done wonderful job i will try to make this link appear in google on some keywords. Islam means submission and noone easily be ready to submit himself. Study of history gives you hint islam was forcefully spread with the sword. But today they are growing exponentially within  few years either islam will take over the world or fall down. Its upon us If we succeeded growing exponentially islam will fall dawn if we cant then our grandsons will have to obey Sharia laws. 

    Arman don't worry about Islam, don't worry about Sharia laws  and rest of the stuff ....  First thing we need to learn is to grow as human being and to learn about the origins of human race where it has come and where it is going ...

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Re: Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #8 - October 28, 2012, 11:19 AM

    So we ran through the quick time line of Islam until the year 934.. 300 years after the death of alleged Prophet of Islam..  And we are in the golden period of Islam.. Let us run another 100years..

    Quote
    935: Assassination of the Ziyarid ruler Mardawij; accession of Washimgir. Death of Hamdanid ruler Abdullah b Hamdan accession of Nasir ud Daula.
    936: By coup Ibn Raiq becomes the Amir ul Umara.
    938: By another coup power at Baghdad is captured by Bajkam.
    940: Death of the Abbasid Caliph Ar Radi, accession of Muttaqi.
    941: Assassination of Bajkam, capture of power by Kurtakin.
    942: Ibn Raiq recaptures power.
    943: Al Baeidi captures power. The Abbasid Caliph Muttaqi is forced to seek refuge with the Hamdanids. Sail ud Daula captures power at Baghdad and the Caliph returns to' Baghdad. Power is captured by Tuzun and Sail ud Daula retires' to Mosul. Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr II, accession of Nuh.
    944: Muttaqi is blinded and deposed, accession of Mustakafi.
    945: Death of Tuzun. Shirzad becomes Amir ul Umra. The Buwayhids capture power. Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph Mustakafi.
    946: The Qarnaatiana restore the Black Stone to the Holy Kaaba.

    954: Death of the Sasanid ruler Nuh, accession of Abdul Malik.
    961: Death of the Samanid ruler Abdul Malik, accession of Manauf. Alptgin founds the rule of the Ghazanavids. Death of the Umayyad Caliph Abdul Rahman III in Spain; accession of Hakam. Death of the Ikhshid ruler Ungur accession of Abul Hasan Ali.
    965: Death of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Mansur; accession of Hasan Azam. Assassination of the Ikhshid ruler Abul Hasan Ali; power captured by Malik Kafur.
    967: Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Muiz ud Daula, accession of Bakhtiar. Death of the Hamdanid ruler Sail ud Daula.
    968: Byzantines occupy Aleppo. Death of the Ikhshid ruler Malik Kafur; accession of Abul Fawaris.
    969: The Fatimids conquer Egypt.
    972: Buluggin b Ziri founds the rule of the Zirids Algeria.
    973: Shia Sunni disturbances in Baghdad; power captured in Baghdad by the Turkish General Subuktgin.
    974: Abdication of the Abbasid Caliph AI Muttih; accession of At Taii.
    975: Death of the Turk General Subuktgin. Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Muizz.
    976: The Buwayhid Sultan Izz ud Daula recaptures power with the help of his cousin Azud ud Daula. Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur, accession of Nuh II. In Spain death of the Umayyad Caliph Hakam, accession of Hisham II.
    978: Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Izz ud Daula, power captured by Azud ud Daula. The Hamdanids overthrown by the Buwayhids.
    979: Subkutgin becomes the Amir of Ghazni.

    981: End of the Qarmatian rule at Bahrain.
    982: Death of the- Buwayhid Sultan Azud ud Daula; accession of Samsara ud Daula.
    984: Death of the Zirid ruler Buluggin, accession of Mansur.
    986: The Buwyhid Sultan Samsara ud Daula overthrown by Sharaf ud Daula.
    989: Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Sharaf ud Daula, accession of Baha ud Daula.
    991: Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph At Taii, accession of AI Qadir.
    996: Death of the Zirid ruler Mansur, accession of Nasir ud Daula Badis.
    997: Death of the Samanid ruler Nuh II, accession of Mansur II.
    998: Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur II, accession of Abdul Malik II. Mahmud becomes the Amir of Ghazni. 999 End of the Samanids.
    1001: Mahmud Ghazanavi defeats the Hindu Shahis.
    1004: Mahmud captures Bhatiya.
    1005: Mahmud captures Multan and Ghur.
    1008: Mahmud defeats the Rajput confederacy.
    1010: Abdication of Hisham II in Spain. accession of Muhammad.
    1011: In Spain Muhammad is overthrown by Sulaiman.

    1012: In Spain power is captured by Bani Hamud. Death of the Buwayhid Baha ud Daula, accession of Sultan ud Daula.
    1016: Death of the Zirrid ruler Nasir ud Daula Badis; accession of AI Muizz.
    1018: In Spain power is captured by Abdul Rahman IV.
    1019: Conquest of the Punjab by Mahmud Ghazanavi.
    1020: The Buwayhid Sultan ud Daula is Overthrown by Musharaf ud Daula,
    Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Hakim, accession of Al Zahir.
    1024: In Spain assassination of Abdul Rahman IV, accession of Mustafi.
    1025: Death of the Buwayhid Mushgraf ud Daula, accession of Jalal ud Daula.
    1029: In Spain death of Mustaft, accession of Hisham III.
    1030: Death of Mahmud Ghazanavi.
    1031: In Spain deposition of Hisharn III, and end of the Umayyad rule. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Qadir, accession of Al Qaim.
    1036: Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Zahir, accession of Mustansir. Tughril Beg is crowned as the king of the Seljuks.

    What golden age of Islam was that??  every year or alternate year you have wars over wars over wars.. you have internal power struggles.. overthrows, executions,  conquests, assassinations  .. captures and recaptures and we call it as Golden time of Islam??  No.. No golden time.. it is simple power struggle., Islam being religion of Politics and power struggles  it started from the day alleged prophet of Islam died to  all the way to present day The so-called  Arab awakening..  that is 400 years of Islamic history from the day Prophet died.. ( I AM NOT REALLY SURE THERE WAS guy Muhammad)

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Re: Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #9 - November 06, 2012, 11:41 PM

    Well let us look in to another 100 years  of Islam from the year 1036 onwards...

    Quote
    1040: Battle of Dandanqan, the Seljuks defeat the Ghazanavids. Deposition of Masud the Ghazanavid Sultan, accession of Muhammad. AI Moravids come to power in North Africa.
    1041: The Ghazanavid  Sultan Muhammad is overthrown by Maudud.
    1044: Death of the Buwayhid Jalal ud Daula, accession of Abu Kalijar.
    1046: Basasiri captures power in Baghdad.
    1047: The Zirids in North Africa repudiate allegiance to the Fatimid and transfer allegiance to-the Abbasids.
    1048: Death of the Buwayhid Abu Kalijar, accession of Malik ur Rahim.
    1050: Yusuf b Tashfin comes to power .in the Maghrib.
    1055: Tughril Beg overthrows the Buwayhids.
    1057: Basasiri recaptures power in Baghdad, deposes Al Qaim and offers allegiance to the Fatimid Caliph.

    1059: Tughril Beg recaptures power in Baghdad, al Qaim is restored as the Caliph.
    1060: Ibrahim becomes the Sultan of Ghazni. Yusuf b Tashfin founds the city of Marrakesh. The Zirids abandon their capital Ashir and establish their capital at Bougie.
    1062: Death of the Zirid ruler AI Muizz, accession of Tamin.
    1063: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Tughril Beg; accession of Alp Arsalan.
    1071: Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantine emperor taken captive by the Seljuks.
    1073: Death of Alp Arsalan, accession of Malik Shah.
    1077: Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Qaim, accession of AI Muqtadi.
    1082: The A1 Moravids conquer Algeria.
    1086: Battle of Zallakha. The AI Moravids defeat the Christians in Spain. Death of the Rum Sejuk Sultan Sulaiman, accession of Kilij Arsalan.
    1091: The Normans conquer the island of Sicily; end of the Muslim rule.
    1092: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah, accession of Mahmud.
    1094: Death of Mahmud; accession of Barkiaruk. Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Muqtadi, accession of Mustahzir.
    1095: The first crusade.
    1099: The crusaders capture Jerusalem.

    1101: Death or the Fatimid Caliph Al Mustaali, accession of Al Aamir.
    1105: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Barkiaruk, accession Of Muhammad.
    1106: Death of the AI Motavid Yusuf b Tashfin.
    1107: Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Kilij Arsalan, succession of Malik Shah.
    1108: Death of the Zirid ruler Tamin, accession of Yahya.
    1116: Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah. accession of Rukn ud Din Masud.
    1118: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad; accession of Mahmud II. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustahzir, accession of Mustarshid. In Spain the Christians capture Saragossa.
    1121: Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Aamir, accession of AI Hafiz.
    1127: Imad ud Din Zangi establishes the Zangi rule In Mosul.
    1128: Death of the Khawarzam Shah Qutb ud Din Muhammad; accession of Atsiz.
    1130: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Mahmud II; accession of Tughril Beg II.
    1134: Assassination of the Abbasid Caliph Mustarshid; accession of Al Rashid. Death of the Seljuk Sultan Tughril Beg II, accession of Masud.
    1135: Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph AI Rashid, accession of AI Muktafi.
    1144: Imad ud Din Zangi captures Edessa from the Christians, second crusade.
    1146: Death of Imad ud Din Zangi, accession of Nur ud Din Zangi.
    1147: In the Maghrib AI Moravids overthrown by the Al Mohads under Abul Mumin.

    well here those Christian crusades started  and those intra-Muslim warfare still continues  with Assassinations...Depositions...captures and killing..it is our power struggle with in   Caliph clowns..  I don't see golden rule and golden Islam.. what I see is usual medieval warfare..  Whatever social, or so called scientific contribution done by those who happened to be Muslims is nothing to do with Islam.  Off course w.r.t Science that is also true for  other religions..

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Re: Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #10 - November 28, 2012, 02:12 PM

    Well let us move in ti middle of 12th century and Islam in the middle of those Christian crusades

    Quote
    1148: End of the Zirid rule' in North Africa.
    1149: Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Hafiz, accession of AI Zafar.
    1152: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Masud, accession of Malik Shah II. Hamadid rule extinguished in North Africa.
    1153: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah I1, accession of Muhammad II.
    1154: Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Zafar, accession of AI Faiz.
    1156: Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Rukn ud Din Masid, accession of Arsalan II.
    1159: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad II, accession of Gulaiman.
    1160: Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Mukta, accession of Al Mustanjid. Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Faiz, accession of Al Azzid.
    1161: Death of the Seljuk Sulaiman, accession of Arsalan Shah.
    1163: Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abul Mumin, accession of Abu Yaqub Yusuf.
    1170: Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustanjid, accession of Al Mustazii.
    1171: Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Azzid. End of the Fatimids. Salah ud Din founds the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt.
    1172: Death of the Khawarzam Shah Arsalan, accession of Sultan Shah.
    1173: The Khawarzam Shah Sultan Shah is overthrown by Tukush Shah.
    1174: Salah ud Din annexes Syria.
    1175: The Ghurids defeat the Guzz Turks and occupy Ghazni.

    1176: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Arsalan Shah, accession of Tughril Beg III.
    1179: Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Mustazaii, accession of AI Nasir. Shahab ud Din Ghuri captures Peshawar.
    1185: Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abu Yaqub Yusuf, accession of Abu Yusuf Yaqub.
    1186: The Ghurids overthrow the Ghaznvaids in the Punjab.
    1187: Salah ud Din wrests Jerusalem from the Christians, third crusade.
    1191: Battle of Tarain between the Rajputs and the Ghurids.
    1193: Death of Salah ud Din; accession of Al Aziz. Second battleof Tarain.
    1194: Occupation of Delhi by the Muslims. End of the Seljuk rule.
    1199: Death of the Khawarzam Shah Tukush Shah; accession of Ala ud Din. Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abu Yusuf Yaqub; accession of Muhammad Nasir. Conquest of Northern India and Bengal by the Ghurids.
    1202: Death of the Ghurid Sultan Ghias ud Din; accession of Mahmud.
    1204: Shahab ud Din Ghuri defeated by the Ghuzz Turks.
    1206: Death of Shahab ud Din Ghuri. Qutb ud Din Aibik crowned king in Lahore.
    1210: Assassination of the Ghurid Sultan MahmUd, accession of Sam. Death of Qutb ud Din Aibak, accession of Aram Shah in India.
    1211: End of the Ghurid rule, their territories annexed by the Khawarzam Shahs. In India Aram Shah overthrown by Iltutmish.
    1212: Battle of AI Uqab in Spain, end of the AI Mohad rule in Spain. The AI Mohads suffer defeat by the Christians in Spain at the Al-Uqba. The AI Mohad Sultan An Nasir escapes to Morocco where he dies soon after. Accession of his son Yusuf who takes over title of AI Mustansir.
    1214: In North Africa death of the AI Mohad ruler Al Nasir, accession of Al Mustansir. The Banu Marin under their leader Abdul Haq occupy the north eastern part of Morocco.
    1216: The Banu Marin under their leader Abdul Haq occupy north eastern part of Morocco. The AI Mohads suffer defeat by the Marinids at the battle of Nakur. The Banu Marin defeat the AI Mobads at the battle of Nakur.
    1217: The Marinids suffer defeat in the battle fought on the banks of the Sibu river. Abdul Haq is killed and the Marinids evacuate Morocco. In the battle of Sibu the Marinids suffer defeat; their leader Abdul Haq is killed and they evacuate Morocco.
    1218: Death of the Ayyubid ruler AI Adil, accession of AI Kamil. The Marinids return to Morocco under their leader Othman and occupy Fez.
    1220: Death of the Khawarzam Shah Ala ud Din, accession of Jalal ud Din Mangbarni.
    1222: Death of the Zangi ruler Nasir ud Din Mahmud, power captured by Badr ud Din Lulu.
    1223: Death of the Al Mohad ruler Muntasir, accession of Abdul Wahid. Death of Yusuf AI Mustansir, accession of Abdul Wahid in Morocco.. In Spain a brother of Yusuf declares his independence and assumes the title of AI Adil. In Spain Abu Muhammad overthrows AI Adil. AI Adil escapes to Morocco and overthrows Abdul Wahid.
    1224: Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abdul Wahid, accession of Abdullah Adil.
    1225: Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Nasir, accession of AI Mustansir.
    1227: Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abdullah Adil, accession of Mustasim. Assassination of Al Adil, accession of his son Yahya who assumes the throne under the name of Al Mustasim.
    1229: Death of the AI Mohad ruler Mustasim, accession of Idris. The Ayyubid AI Kamil restores Jerusalem to the Christians. Abu Muhammad dies in Spain and is succeeded by Al Mamun. AI Mamun invades Morocco with Christian help. Yahya is defeated and power is captured by Al Mamun. He denies the Mahdiship of Ibn Tumarat.
    1230: End of the Khawarzam Shah rule.
    1232: Death of the AI Mohad ruler Idris, accession, of Abdul Wahid II. Assassination of Al Mamun; accession of his son Ar-Rashid.

    That is another 100 years of Islam What do I see there? any progress or it is same old Assassinations...Depositions...captures and killing and power struggle and internal and external..

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #11 - February 20, 2014, 03:46 PM

    Quote
    1234: Death of the Ayyubid ruler AI Kamil, accession of AI Adil.
    1236: Death of Delhi Sultan Iltutmish. Accession of Rukn ud Din Feroz Shah.
    1237: Accession of Razia Sultana as Delhi Sultan.
    1240: Death of Ar-Rashid; accession of his son Abu Said.
    1241: Death of Razia Sultana, accession of Bahram Shah.
    1242: Death of Bahram Shah, accession of Ala ud Din Masud Shah as Delhi Sultan. Death of the AI Mohad rules Abdul Wahid, accession of Abu Hasan. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustansir, accession of Mustasim.
    1243: Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abdul Walid II, accession of
    1244: The Al Mohads defeat the Marinids at the battle of Abu Bayash. The Marinids evacuate Morocco.
    1245: The Muslims reconquer Jerusalem.
    1246: Death of the Delhi Sultan Ala ud Din Masud Shah, accession of Nasir ud Din Mahmud Shah.
    1248: Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abul Hasan, accession of Omar Murtaza. Abu Said attacks Tlemsen, but is ambushed and killed; accession of his son Murtada.
    1250: The Marinids return to Morocco, and occupy a greatar part thereof.
    1258: The Mongols sack Baghdad. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustasim. End of the Abbasid rule. Fall of Baghdad, end of the Abbasid caliphate. The Mongol II-Khans under Halaku establish their rule in Iran and Iraq with the capital at Maragah. Berek Khan the Muslim chief of the Golden Horde protests against the treatment meted out to the Abbasid Caliph and withdraw his Contingent from Baghdad.
    1259: Abu Abdullah the Hafsid ruler declares himself as the Caliph and assumes the name of AI Mustamir.
    1260: Battle of Ayn Jalut in Syria. The Mongols are defeated by the Mamluks of Egypt, and the spell of the invincibility of the Mongols is broken. Baybars becomes the Mamluk Sultan.
    1262: Death of Bahauddin Zikriya in Multan who is credited with the introduction of the Suhrawardi Sufi order in the IndoPakistan sub-continent.
    1265: Death of Halaku. Death of Fariduddin Ganj Shakkar the Chishti saint of the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent.
    1266: Death of Berek Khan the first ruler of the Golden Horde to be converted to Islam. The eighth crusade. The crusaders invade Tunisia. Failure of the crusade.
    1267: Malik ul Salih establishes the first Muslim state of Samudra Pasai in Indonesia. Murtada seeks the help of the Christians, and the Spaniards invade Morocco. The Marinids drive away the Spaniards from Morocco. Assassination of Murtada; accession of Abu Dabbas.
    1269: Abu Dabbas is overthrown by the Marinida, End of the Al Mohads. End of the rule of the AI Mohads in Morocco, the Marinids come to power in Morocco under Abu Yaqub.
    1270: Death of Mansa Wali the founder of the Muslim rule in M ali.
    1272: Death of Muhammad I the founder of the state of Granada. Yaghmurason invades Morocco but meets a reverse at the battle
    1273: Death of Jalaluddin Rumi.
    1274: Death of Nasiruddin Tusi. The Marinids wrest Sijilmasa from the Zayenids. Ninth crusade under Edward I of England. The crusade ends in fiasco and Edward returns to England.
    1277: Death of Baybars.
    1280: Battle of Hims.
    1283: Death of Yaghmurasan. Accession of his son Othman.
    1285: Tunisis splits in Tunis and Bougie.
    1286: Death of Ghiasuddin Balban. Death of Abu Yusuf Yaqub. Bughra Khan declares his independence in Bengal under the name of Nasiruddin.
    1290: End of the slave dynasty Jalaluddin Khilji comes into power. Othman embarks on a career of conquest and by 1290 C.E. most of the Central Maghreb is conquered by the Zayanids.
    1291: Saadi.
    1296: Alauddin Ghazan converted to Islam.
    1299: Mongols invade Syria. The Marinids besiege Tlemsen the capital of the Zayanids.
    1301: In Bengal, Death of Ruknuddin the king of Bengal, succeeded by brother Shamsuddin Firuz.
    1302: In Granada, Death of Muhammad II; succession of Muhammad III.
    1304: In the Mongols II Khans empire, Death of Ghazan, succession of his brother Khudabanda Ul Jaytu. In Algeria, Death of Othman, succession of his son Abu Zayan Muhammad.
    1305: In the Khiljis empire, Alauddin Khilji conquers Rajputana.
    1306: In the Chughills empire, Death of Dava, succession of his son Kunjuk.
    1307: In the Marinids empire, Assassination of the Marinid Sultan Abu Yaqub Yusuf; accession of Abu Thabit
    1308: In the Chughills empire, Deposition of Kunjuk, power captured by Taliku. In Algeria, Death of Abu Zayan Muhammad, succession of his brother Abu Hamuw Musa. In the Marinids empire, Abu Thabit overthrown by Abu Rabeah Sulaiman.
    1309: In the Chughills empire, Assassination of Taliku, accession of Kubak. In Granada, Muhammad III overthrown by his uncle Abul Juyush Nasr.
    1310: In the Chughills empire, Kubak overthrown by his brother Isan Buga. In the Marinids empire, Abu Rabeah Sulaiman overthrown by Abu Said Othman. In the Khiljis empire, Alauddin conquers Deccan.
    1312: In Tunisia, In Tunis Abul Baqa is overthrown by Al Lihiani.
    1313: In the Mongols II Khans empire, Invasion of Syria, the Mongols repulsed. In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Toktu, accession of his nephew Uzbeg.
    1314: In Kashmir, Rainchan an adventurer from Baltistan overthrows Sinha Deva the Raja of Kashmir. Rainchan is converted to Islam and adopts the name of Sadrud Din. In Granada, Abul Juyush overthrown by his nephew Abul Wahid Ismail.
    1315: In Tunisia, War between Bougie and Tunis, Lihani defeated and killed. Abu Bakr becomes the ruler of Bougie and Tunis.
    1316: In the Mongols II Khans empire, Death of Khudabanda Ul Jaytu, succession of Abu Said. In the Khiljis empire, Death of Alauddin, accession of Shahabuddin Umar, usurpation of power by Malik Kafur, a Hindu convert.
    1318: In the Khiljis empire, Assassination of Malik Kafur, deposition of Shahabuddin Umar, accession of Qutbuddin Mubarak. In the Chughills empire, Isan Buga overthrown by Kubak.
    1320: In the Khiljis empire, Assassination of Qutbuddin Mubarak, usurpation of power by Khusro Khan a Hindu convert. Khusro Khan overthrown by Ghazi Malik. End of the rule of Khiljis. In Tunisia, Abu Bakr expelled from Tunis by Abu Imran. In the Tughluqs empire, Ghazi Malik founds the rule of the Tughluq dynasty.
    1321: In the Chughills empire, Death of Kubak, succession of Hebbishsi who is overthrown by Dava Temur.
    1322: In the Chughills empire, Dava Temur overthrown by Tarmashirin, who is converted to Islam. In Bengal, Death of Shamsuddin Firuz. The kingdom divided into two parts. Ghiasuddin Bahadur became the ruler of East Bengal with the capital at Sonargaon, Shahabuddin became the ruler of West Bengal with the capital at Lakhnauti.
    1324: In Bengal, Shahabuddin dies and is succeeded by his brother Nasiruddin.
    1325: In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Ghazi Malik (Ghiasuddin Tughluq); accession of his son Muhammad Tughluq. In Granada, Assassination of Abul Wahid Ismail, succession of his son Muhammad IV. Assassination of Muhammad IV. Accession of his brother Abul Hallaj Yusuf. In the Samudra Pasai empire, Death of Malik al Tahir I, accession of Malik al Tahir II. In Bengal, With the help of Ghiasuddin Tughluq, Nasiruddin over-throws. Ghiasuddin Bahadur and himself become's the ruler of United Bengal.
    1326: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Othman, succession of Orkhan. Orkhan conquers Bursa and makes it his capital.
    1327: In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks capture the city of Nicaea.
    1329: In the Tughluqs empire, Muhammad Tughluq shifts the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in Deccan.
    1330: In the Chughills empire, Death of Tramashirin, succession of Changshahi. Amir Hussain establishes the rule of the Jalayar dynasty at Baghdad. In Tunisia, Abu Bakr overthrows Abu Imran and the state is again united, under him. In Bengal, Muhammad b Tughluq reverses the policy of his father and restores Ghiasuddin Bahadur to the throne of Sonargeon.
    1331: In the Marinids empire, Death of Abu Said Othman, sucession of Abul Hasan. In Bengal, Annexation of Bengal by the Tughluqs.
    1335: In the Mongols II Khans empire, Death of Abu Said, power captured by Arpa Koun. In the Chughills empire, Assassination of Changshahi, accession of Burun.

    That is another 100 years of Islam around the globe...

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #12 - April 18, 2014, 08:31 PM

    The historicity of Islam also identifies the incentive system of Jannah and Jahannam.
    Jahannam
    (This book isn't free but I will convert it into a pdf after I buy it & give it to you guys for free)
    http://www.amazon.co.uk/s/?field-keywords=Description%20of%20Hellfire&node=341677031


    My mind runs, I can never catch it even if I get a head start.
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #13 - April 18, 2014, 09:03 PM

    The historicity of Islam also identifies the incentive system of Jannah and Jahannam.
    Jahannam
    (This book isn't free but I will convert it into a pdf after I buy it & give it to you guys for free)
    http://www.amazon.co.uk/s/?field-keywords=Description%20of%20Hellfire&node=341677031


    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pAOrQQFz0nU

    Qtian,  why WASTE YOUR MONEY on that fool's book  Wahid Abdussalam Bali? don't you have better things to do with it??  Every one who are in touch with Islam know about Jannah and Jahannam.

    Here  http://www.jamiaislamia.org/ebooks/qiyamahjanahjahanum.pdf  that should give the readers the background..

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #14 - April 18, 2014, 09:15 PM

    Hello Yeez,
    I am aware of him being a fool, which is why I want to read his book & uncover more of his foolishness. At a price of £2 I'm willing to take the risk Smiley

    (If you would like a free pdf copy of his work, please let me know)

    My mind runs, I can never catch it even if I get a head start.
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #15 - April 18, 2014, 09:31 PM

    Hello Yeez,
    I am aware of him being a fool, which is why I want to read his book & uncover more of his foolishness. At a price of £2 I'm willing to take the risk Smiley

    (If you would like a free pdf copy of his work, please let me know)

    Well if you get that pdf file  then add it to this folder that says    Freely down loadable Books on Pro-Islam and anti Islam..

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #16 - April 18, 2014, 09:38 PM

    ok

    My mind runs, I can never catch it even if I get a head start.
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #17 - April 19, 2014, 05:43 AM


    Quote
    1336: In the Mongols II Khans empire, Arpa defeated and killed, succeeded by Musa. Birth of Amir Temur. In the Jalayar empire, Death of Amir Hussain, succession of Hasan Buzurg. In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks annex the state of Karasi. In Bengal, The Tughluq Governor at Sonargeon assassinated by armour bearer who captured power and declared his independence assuming the name of Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah.

    1337: In the Mongols II Khans empire, The rule of Musa overthrown, Muhammad becomes the Sultan. In the Sarbadaran empire, On the disintegration of the II-Khan rule, Abdur Razaq a military adventurer establishes an independent principality in Khurasan with the capital at Sabzwar. In the Muzaffarids empire, On the disintegration of the II Khan rule Mubarazud Din Muhammad established the rule of the Muzaffarid dynasty. In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks capture the city of Nicomedia. In Algeria, Algeria is occupied by Marinids.

    1338: In the Mongols II Khans empire, Muhammad overthrown, succession of Sati Beg. Sati Beg marries Sulaiman who becomes the co-ruler.

    1339: In Kashmir, Death of Sadrud Din, throne captured by a Hindu Udyana Deva. In the Chughills empire, Deposition of Burun, accession of Isun Temur. In Bengal, The Tughluq Governor at Lakhnauti-Qadr Khan assassinated and power is captured by the army commander-in-chief who declares his independence and assumes the title of Alauddin Ali Shah.

    1340: In the Muzaffarids empire, The Muzaffarids conquer Kirman. In the Chughills empire, Deposition of Isun Temur, accession of Muhammad.

    1341: In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Uzbeg, succession of his son Tini Beg.

    1342: In the Golden Horde empire, Tini Beg overthrown by his brother Jani Beg.

    1343: In the Chughills empire, Muhammad overthrown, power captured by Kazan. In Bengal, Ilyas an officer of Alauddin murders his patron and captures the throne of West Bengal.

    1344: In the Mongols II Khans empire, Deposition of Sulaiman, succession of Anusherwan.

    1345: In the Samudra Pasai empire, Death of Malik al Tahir II, accession of Tahir III. His rule lasted throughout the fourteenth century. In Bengal, llyas captures East Bengal and under him Bengal is again united. He establishes his capital at Gaur.

    1346: In the Chughills empire, Deposition of Kazan, accession of Hayan Kuli. In Tunisia, Death of Abu Bakr, succession of his son Fadal. In Kashmir, Death of Udyana Deva, throne captured by Shah Mirza who assumed the name of Shah Mir, and rounded the rule of Shah Mir dynasty.

    1347: The Marinids capture Tunisia. In the Bahmanids empire, Hasan Gangu declares his independence and establishes a state in Deccan with the capital at Gulbarga.

    1349: In Kashmir, Death of Shah Mir, accession of his son Jamsbed. In Algeria, The Zayanids under Abu Said Othman recapture Algeria.

    1350: In the Sarbadaran empire, Revolt against Abdur Razaq. Power captured by Amir Masud. In Tunisia, Deposition of Fadal, succession of his brother Abu Ishaq. In Kashmir, Jamshed overthrown by his step brother Alauddin Ali Sher.

    1351: In the Marinids empire, Death of Abul Hasan, succession of Abu Inan. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Muhammad Tughluq accession of Firuz Shah Tughluq.

    1352: In Algeria, The Marinids again capture Algeria. Abu Said Othman is taken captive and killed.

    1353: End of the Mongol II Khan rule. In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks acquire the fortress of Tympa on the European side of the Hollespoint. In the Muzaffarids empire, The Muzaffarids conquer Shiraz and establish their capital there.

    1354: In the Muzaffarids empire, The Muzaffarids annex Isfahan. In Granada, Assassination of Abu Hallaj Yusuf, succession of his son Muhammad V.

    1356: In the Jalayar empire, Death of Hasan Buzurg, succession of his son Owaia.

    1357: In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Jani Beg, succession of Kulpa.

    1358: In the Bahmanids empire, Death of Hasan Gangu, accession of his son Muhammad Shah. In the Muzaffarids empire, Death of Mubarazuddin Muhammad; accession of Shah Shuja. In the Marinids empire, Assassination of Abu Inan, succession of Abu Bakr Said. In Bengal, Death of Ilyas, succession of his son Sikandar Shah.

    1359: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Orkhan, succession of Murad. In the Muzaffarids empire, Shah Shuja deposed by his brother Shah Mahmud. In Tunisia, Abul Abbas a nephew of Abu Ishaq revolts and establishes his rule in Bougie. In Algeria, The Zayanids under Abu Hamuw II recapture Algeria. In the Marinids empire, Abu Bakr Said overthrown by Abu Salim Ibrahim. In Granada, Muhammad V loses the throne in palace revolution, succeeded by Ismail.

    1360: In the Muzaffarids empire, Death of Shah Mahmud. Shah Shuja recaptures power. In the Chughills empire, Power captured by Tughluq Temur. In Granada, Ismail overthrown by his brother-in-law Abu Said.
    1361: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Murad conquers a part of Thrace and establishes his capital at Demolika in Thrace. In the Golden Horde empire, Kulpa overthrown by his brother Nauroz. In the Marinids empire, Abu Salim Ibrahim overthrown by Abu Umar. Abu Umar overthrown by Abu Zayyan.

    1362: In the Golden Horde empire, State of anarchy. During 20 years as many as 14 rulers came to the throne and made their exit. In Granada, Abu Said overthrown by Muhammad V who comes to rule for the second time. In Kashmir, Death of Alauddin Ali Sher, succeeded by his brother Shahabuddin.

    1365: In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks defeat the Christians at the battle of Matiza, the Byzantine ruler becomes a vassal of the Turks.

    1366: In the Marinids empire, Assassination of Abu Zayyan, succession of Abu Faris Abdul Aziz.

    1369: Power captured by Amir Temur. End of the rule of the Chughills. Amir Temur captures power in Transoxiana. In Tunisia, Death of Abu Ishaq. Succession of his son Abu Baqa Khalid.

    1370: In Tunisia, Abu Baqa overthrown by Abul Abbas under whom the state is reunited. In the Sarbadaran empire, Death of Amir Masud, succession of Muhammad Temur.

    1371: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Invasion of Bulgaria, Bulgarian territory upto the Balkans annexed by the Turks.

    1372: In the Marinids empire, Death of Abu Faris, succession of Abu Muhammad.

    1374: In the Marinids empire, Abu Muhammad overthrown by Abul Abbas.

    1375: In the Sarbadaran empire, Deposition of Muhammad Temur, power captured by Shamsuddin. In the Jalayar empire, Death of Owais, succession by his son Hussain.

    1376: In Kashmir, Death of Shahabuddin, succeeded by his brother Qutbuddin.

    1377: In the Bahmanids empire, Death of Muhammad Shah, succeeded by his son Mujahid.

    1378: In the Bahmanids empire, Mujahid assassinated, throne captured by his uncle Daud.

    1379: Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Bairam Khawaja found the independent principality of the Turkomans of the Black Sheep and established his capital at Van in Armenia. In the Bahmanids empire, Assassination of Daud; accession of Muhammad Khan.

    1380: In the Golden Horde empire, Power is captured by Toktamish, a prince of the White Horde of Siberia. In Amir Temur's empire, Amir Temur crosses the Oxus and conquers Khurasan and Herat. Amir Temur invades Persia and subjugates the Muzaffarids and Mazandaran.

    1381: In Amir Temur's empire, Annexation of Seestan, capture of Qandhar.

    1384: In Amir Temur's empire, Conquest of Astrabad, Mazandaran, Rayy and Sultaniyah. In the Muzaffarids empire, Death of Shah Shuja, accession of his son Zainul Abdin. In the Marinids empire, Abul Abbas overthrown by Mustansir. Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Bairam Khawaja, succession of Qara Muhammad.

    1386: In Amir Temur's empire, Annexation of Azarbaijan, Georgea overrun. Subjugation of Gilan and Shirvan. Turkomans of the Black Sheep defeated. In the Marinids empire, Death of Mustansir, succession of Muhammad.

    1387: In the Marinids empire, Muhammad overthrown by Abul Abbas who comes to power for the second time.

    1388: In Algeria, Death of Abu Hamuw II, succession of Abu Tashfin. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Firuz Shah Tughluq, succeeded by his grandson Ghiasuddin Tughluq II.

    1389: of Abu Bakr Tughluq Shah. Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Qara Muhammad. succession of Qara Yusuf.

    1390: In the Tughluqs empire, Abu Bakr overthrow by Nasiruddin Tughluq. In Bengal, Death of Sikandar Shah, accession of his son Ghiasud. In the Burji Mamluks empire, The rule of the Burji Mamluks rounded by Saifuddin Barquq.

    1391: In Amir Temur's empire, Annexation of Fars. In the Muzaffarids empire, Annexation of the Muzaffarids by Amir Temur. In Granada, Death of Muhammad V, succession of his son Abu Hallaj Yusuf II.

    1392: In the Jalayar empire, Death of Hussain, succession of his son Ahmad. In Granada, Death of Abu Hallaj ; succession of Muhammad VI.

    1393: Amir Temur defeats Tiktomish, the ruler of the Golden Horde. Capture of the Jalayar dominions by Amir Temur. In the Marinids empire, Death of Abul Abbas; succession of Abu Faris II.

    1394: Amir Temur defeats the Duke of Moscow. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Nasiruddin Tugluq, accession of Alauddin Sikandar Shah. In Kashmir, Death of Qutbuddin. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Qara Othman established the rule of the White Sheep Turkomans in Diyarbekr.

    1395: In the Golden Horde empire, Amir Temur defeated Toktamish and razes Serai to the ground. End of the rule of the Golden Horde. Annexation of Iraq by Amir Temur. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Sikandar Shah. Accession of Muhammad Shah.

    1396: In the Amir Temur's empire, Destruction of Sarai, and of the rule of the Golden Horde. In the Sarbadaran empire, Principality annexed by Amir Temur.

    1397: In the Bahmanids empire, Death of Muhammad Khan.

    1398: In the Amir Temur's empire, Campaign in India. In the Marinids empire, Death of Abu Faris II. In the Tughluqs empire, Invasion of Amir Timur, Mahmud Shah escapes from the capital. In Morocco, Death of the Marinid Sultan Abu Faris II; succession of his son Abu Said Othman.

    1399: In the Amir Temur's empire, Campaign in Iraq and Syria. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Saifuddin Barquq, succession of his son Nasiruddin in Faraj.


    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #18 - April 19, 2014, 10:47 AM

    thanks for this yeez,  Smiley

    "I Knew who I was this morning, but I've changed a few times since then." Alice in wonderland

    "This is the only heaven we have how dare you make it a hell" Dr Marlene Winell
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #19 - April 29, 2014, 08:51 PM

    15th Century Islamic War Machinery (1400-1499) C.E.

    Quote
    1400: In the Burji Mamluks empire, The Mamluks lost Syria which was occupied by Amir Timur.

    1401: In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Timur Qutluq, the ruler, installed by Amir Timur. accession of Shadi Beg.

    1402: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Defeat of Bayazid at the battle of Ankara, taken captive Amir Timur.

    1403: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Muhammad I, the son of Bayazid ascended the throne.

    1405: In the Timurids empire, Death of Amir Timur, succession of his son Shah Rukh.

    1407: In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Shadi Beg, installation of Faulad Khan by the king maker Edigu.

    1410: In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Faulad Khan, installation of Timur.

    1412: In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Timur, installation of Jalaluddin. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Nasiruddin Faraj, succession of Al Muayyad.

    1413: In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Jalaluddin, installation of Karim Bardo.

    1414: In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Karim Bardo, installation of Kubak Khan.

    1416: In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Kubak Khan, installation of Jahar Balrawi. Deposition of Jahar Balrawi, installation of Chaighray.

    1419: In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Edigu, overthrow of Chaighray, power captured by Ulugh Muhammad.

    1420: Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Qara Yusuf; succession of his son
    Qara Iskandar. In Morocco, Assassination of Abu Said Othman; succession of his infant son Abdul Haq.

    1421: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Muhammad I; accession of his son Murad II. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Al Muayyad, succession of Muzaffar Ahmad. Muzaffar Ahmad overthrown by Amir Saifuddin Tata, Death of Saifuddin Tata, succession of his son Muhammad. Muhammad overthrown by Amir Barsbay.

    1424: In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Daulat Bairawi, succession of Berk. In Algeria, The Halsida of Tunisia occupy Algeria. This state of affairs continued throughout the fifteenth century.

    1425: In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr, a prince of the house of Uzbeg declare his independence in the western part of Siberia,

    1427: In the Golden Horde empire, Berk overthrown by Ulugh Muhammad who captured power for the second time.

    1430: In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr occupies Khawarazm.

    1434: Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Deposition of Qara Iskandar; installation of his brother Jahan Shah. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Qara Othman, succession of his son Ali Beg. In Tunisia, Death of Abul Faris after a rule of forty years, succession of his son Abu Abdullah Muhammad.

    1435: In Tunisia, Deposition of Abu Abdullah Muhammad, power captured by Abu Umar Othman.

    1438: In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Barsbay, accession of his minor son Jamaluddin Yusuf; Yusuf overthrown and power captured by the Chief Minister Saifuddin Gakmuk. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Ali Beg overthrown by his brother Hamza.

    1439: In the Golden Horde empire, Ulugh Muhammad withdrew from Sarai and found the principality of Qazan. Said Ahmad came to power in Sarai.

    1440: Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Hamza overthrown by Jahangir a son of Ali Beg.

    1441: In the Golden Horde empire, Crimea seceded from Sarai.

    1446: In the Timurids empire, Death of Shah Rukh, succession of Ulugh Beg. In the Ottoman Turks empire, Second battle of Kossova resulting in the victory of the Turks. Serbia annexed to Turkey and Bosnia became its vassal.

    1447: In the Golden Horde empire, Astra Khan seceded from Sarai.

    1449: In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr captures Farghana. In the Timurids empire, Death of Ulugh Beg, succession of Abdul Latif.

    1450: In the Timurids empire, Assassination of Abdul Latif, accession of Abu Said.

    1451: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Murad II; accession of his son Muhammad II.

    1453: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Capture of Constantinople by the Turks. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Jahangir; accession of his son Uzun Hasan. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Gakmuk. succession of his son Fakhruddin Othman. Othman overthrown by the Mamluk General Saifuddin Inal.

    1454: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Attack against Wallachia, Wallachia became a vassal state of Turkey.

    1456: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Serbia.

    1461: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Bosnia and Herzogovina. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Saifuddin Inal, succession of his son Shahabuddin Ahmad. Shahabuddin Ahmad overthrown by the Mamluk General Saifuddin Khushqadam.

    1462: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Albania.

    1465: In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Said Ahmad, succession of his son Khan Ahmad. In Morocco, Assassination of Abdul Haq. End of the Marinid rule. Power snatched by Sharif Muhammad al Jati.

    1467: Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Jahan Shah, end of the rule of the Black Sheep Turkoman rule. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Jahan Shah of the Black Sheep attacked the White Sheep. Jahan Shah was defeated and the Black Sheep territories annexed by the White Sheep. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Khushqadam, accession of his son Saifuddin Yel Bey. Deposition of Yel Bey, power captured by the Mamluk General Temur Bugha.


    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #20 - April 29, 2014, 09:00 PM

    Quote
    1468: In the Uzbegs empire, Death of Abul Khayr, succession of his son Haidar Sultan. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Uzun Hasan defeated the Timurids at the battle of Qarabagh whereby the White Sheep became the masters of Persia and Khurasan. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Deposition of Femur Bugha, power captured by the Mamluk General Qait Bay.

    1469: In the Timurids empire, Death of Abu Said, disintegration of the Timurid state. In Khurasan Hussain Baygara came to power and he ruled during the remaining years of the fifteenth century.

    1472: In Morocco, Sharif Muhammad al Jati overthrown by the Wattisid chief Muhammad al Shaikh who establishes the rule of the Wattisid dynasty.

    1473: In the Ottoman Turks empire, War against Persia; Persians defeated.

    1475: In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Crimea. War against Venice. Tukey became the master of the Aegean Sea.

    1478: Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Uzun Hasan, succession of his son Khalil.

    1479: Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Khalil overthrown by his uncle Yaqub.


    1480: In the Golden Horde empire, Assassination of Khan Ahmad, succession of his son Said Ahmad II.

    1481: In the Golden Horde empire, Said Ahmad I1 overthrown by his brother Murtada. In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Muhammad II, accession of Bayazid II.

    1488: In the Uzbegs empire, Death of Haider Sultan, succession of his nephew Shaybani Khan. In Tunisia, Death of Abu Umar Othman after a rule of 52 years, succession of Abu Zikriya Yahya.

    1489: In Tunisia, Abu Zikriya Yahya overthrown by Abul Mumin.

    1490: In Tunisia, Abul Mumin overthrown, power recaptured by Abu Yahya.

    1493: Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Yaqub. accession of his son Bayangir.

    1495: Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Bayangir overthown by his cousin Rustam.

    1496: In the Burji Mamluks empire, Abdication of Qait Bay, succession of his son Nasir Muhammad.

    1497: Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Rustam overthrown by Ahmad. Anarchy and fragmentation.

    1498: In the Burji Mamluks empire, Deposition of Nasir Muhammad, power captured by Zahir Kanauh.

    1499: In the Uzbegs empire, Shayhani Khan conquered Transoxiana. In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Murtada, succession of Said Ahmad III." In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks defeated the Venetian fleet in the battle of Lepanto.


    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #21 - July 25, 2014, 01:23 PM

    Dynasty.......... ................................................Ruler ........................Islamic  dates A.H.............. Christian dates A.D.

    Caliphs and Wazirs

    Rashidun.......... ........................................................................................11–40....................................632–61

                                                                           Abu Bakr.............................11–13......................................632–34
                                                                   Umar ibn al-Khattab..................13–23......................................634–44
                                                                 Uthman ibn cAffan...................23–35......................................644–56
                                                                  Ali ibn Abi-Talib........................35–40.....................................656–61

    Umayyad           ........................................................................................41–132....................................661–750

                                                                        Muawiya I.............................41–60.......................................661–80
                                                                             Yazid I.................................60–64....................................680–83
                                                                           Muawiya II...............................64.......................................683–84
                                                                           Marwan I.................................64–65.................................684–85
                                                                         cAbd al-Malik...........................65–86..................................685–705
        
    al-Walid I 86–96 705–15
      Sulayman 96–99 715–17
      cUmar II 99–101 717–20
      Yazid II 101–5 720–24
      Hisham 105–25 724–43
      al-Walid II 125–26 743–44
      Yazid III 126 744
      Ibrahim 126 744
      Marwan II 127–32 744–50
    cAbbasid—Iraq 132–656 750–1258
      al-Saffah 132–36 749–54
      al-Mansur 136–58 754–75
      al-Mahdi 158–69 775–85
      al-Hadi 169–70 785–86
      Harun al-Rashid 170–93 786–809
      al-Amin 193–98 809–13
      al-Ma'mun 198–218 813–33
      al-Muctasim 218–27 833–42
      al-Wathiq 227–32 842–47
      al-Mutawakkil 232–47 847–61
      al-Muntasir 247–48 861–62
      al-Mustacin 248–52 862–66
      al-Muctazz 252–55 866–69
      al-Muhtadi 255–56 869–70
      al-Muctamid 256–79 870–92
      al-Muctadid 279–89 892–902
      al-Muktafi 289–95 902–8
      al-Muqtadir 295–320 908–32
      al-Qahir 320–22 932–34
      al-Radi 322–29 934–40
      al-Muttaqi 329–333 940–44
      al-Mustakfi 333–34 944–46
      al-Mutic 334–63 946–74
      al-Ta'ic 363–81 974–91
      al-Qadir 381–422 991–1031
      al-Qa'im 422–67 1031–75
      al-Muqtadi 467–87 1075–94
      al-Mustazhir 487–512 1094–1118
      al-Mustarshid 512–29 1118–35
      al-Rashid 529–30 1135–36
      al-Muqtafi 530–55 1136–60
      al-Mustanjid 555–66 1160–70
      al-Mustadi' 566–75 1170–80
      al-Nasir 575–622 1180–1225
      al-Zahir 622–23 1225–26
      al-Mustansir 623–40 1226–42
      al-Mustacsim 640–56 1242–58
    Barmakid ca. 165–221 ca. 781–835
      Barmak
      Khalid d. 165 d. 781
      Yahya d. 190 d. 805
      Jacfar d. 187 d. 803
      al-Fadl d. 193 d. 808
      Musa d. 221 d. 835
      cImran ? ?
    cAbbasid—Egypt 659–923 1261–1517
      al-Mustansir 659 1261
      al-Hakim I 660–701 1261–1302
      al-Mustakfi I 701–40 1302–40
      al-Wathiq I 740–41 1340–41
      al-Hakim II 741–53 1341–52
      al-Muctadid I 753–63 1352–62
      al-Mutawakkil I (1st reign) 763–79 1362–77
      al-Muctasim (1st reign) 779 1377
      al-Mutawakkil I (2nd reign) 779–85 1377–83
      al-Wathiq II 785–88 1383–85
      al-Muctasim (2nd reign) 788–91 1385–89
      al-Mutawakkil I (3rd reign) 791–808 1389–1406
      al-Mustacin 808–16 1406–14
      al-Muctadid II 816–45 1414–41
      al-Mustakfi II 845–55 1441–51
      al-Qa'im 855–59 1451–55
      al-Mustanjid 859–84 1455–79
      al-Mutawakkil II 884–903 1479–97
      al-Mustamsik (1st reign) 903–14 1497–1508
      al-Mutawakkil III (1st reign) 914–22 1508–16
      al-Mustamsik (2nd reign) 922–23 1516–17
      al-Mutawakkil III (3rd reign) 923 1517
    Selected early Shici 35–ca. 264 656–ca. 878
      cAli d. 40 d. 661
      Hasan d. ca. 49 d. ca. 669
      Husayn d. 61 d. 680
      cAli Zayn al-cAbidin d. 94 d. 712
      Muhammad al-Baqir d. 113 d. 731
      Jacfar al-Sadiq d. 148 d. 765
      Musa al-Kazim d. 183 d. 799
      cAli al-Rida d. 203 d. 818
      Muhammad al-Jawad d. 220 d. 835
      cAli al-Hadi d. 254 d. 868
      Hasan al-cAskari d. 260 d. 874
      Muhammad al-Mantazar d. ca. 264 d. ca. 878
    Egypt
    Tulunid 254–92 868–905
      Ahmad ibn Tulun 254–70 868–84
      Khumarawayh 270–82 884–96
      Jaysh 282–83 896
      Harun 283–92 896–905
      Shayban 292 905
    Ikhshidid 323–58 935–69
      Muhammad ibn Tughj 323–34 935–46
      Unujur 334–49 946–60
      cAli 349–55 960–66
      Kafur 355–57 966–68
      Ahmad 357–58 968–69
    Fatimid 297–567 909–1171
      cUbaydullah al-Mahdi 297–322 909–34
      al-Qa'im 322–34 934–46
      al-Mansur 334–41 946–53
      al-Mucizz 341–65 953–75
      al-cAziz 365–86 975–96
      al-Hakim 386–411 996–1021
      al-Zahir 411–27 1021–36
      al-Mustansir 427–87 1036–94
      al-Mustacli 487–95 1094–1101
      al-Amir 495–524 1101–30
      Interregnum 524–25 1130–31
      al-Hafiz 525–44 1131–49
      al-Zafir 544–49 1149–54
      al-Fa'iz 549–55 1154–60
      al-cAdid 555–67 1160–71
    Ayyubid—Egypt 564–650 1169–1252
      Salah al-Din (Saladin) 564–89 1169–93
      al-cAziz 589–95 1193–98
      al-Mansur 595–96 1198–1200
      al-cAdil I 596–615 1200–1218
      al-Kamil 615–35 1218–38
      al-cAdil II 635–37 1238–40
      al-Salih Ayyub 637–47 1240–49
      Turan Shah 647–48 1249–50
      al-Ashraf II 648–50 1250–52
    Ayyubid—Damascus 582–658 1186–1260
      al-Afdal 582–92 1186–96
      al-cAdil I 592–615 1196–1218
      al-Mucazzam 615–24 1218–27
      al-Nasir Salah al-Din Da'ud 624–26 1227–29
      al-Ashraf 626–34 1229–37
      al-Salih Ismacil (1st reign) 634–35 1237–38
      al-Kamil 635 1238
      al-cAdil II 635–36 1238–39
      al-Salih Najm al-Din Ayyub (1st reign) 636–37 1239
      al-Salih Ismacil (2nd reign) 637–43 1239–45
      al-Salih Najm al-Din Ayyub (2nd reign) 643–47 1245–49
      al-Mucazzam Turan Shah 647–48 1249–50
      al-Nasir Salah al-Din II 648–58 1250–60
    Ayyubid—Aleppo 579–658 1183–1260
      al-cAdil I 579–82 1183–86
      al-Zahir Ghiyath al-Din 582–613 1186–1216
      al-cAziz Ghiyath al-Din 613–34 1216–37
      al-Nasir Salah al-Din II 634–58 1237–60
    Ayyubid—Mayyafariqin, Sinjar 581–658 1185–1260
    Ayyubid—Baclbakk 568–658 1172–1260
    Ayyubid—Hama 574–732 1178–1332
    Ayyubid—Hims 574–661 1178–1272
    Ayyubid—Yemen 569–626 1174–1229
      al-Mucazzam Shams al-Din Turan Shah 569–77 1174–1181
      al-cAziz Zahir al-Din Tughtigin 577–93 1181–97
      Mucizz al-Din Ismacil 593–98 1197–1202
      al-Nasir Ayyub 598–611 1202–14
      al-Muzaffar Sulayman 611–12 1214–15
      al-Mascud Salah al-Din 612–26 1215–29
    Ayyubid—Hisn Kayfa and Amid 629–9th century 1232–15th century
    Mamluk—Bahri 648–792 1250–1390
      Shajar al-Durr 648 1250
      Aybak 648–55 1250–57
      cAli 655–57 1257–59
      Qutuz 657–58 1259–60
      Baybars I 658–76 1260–77
      Baraka Khan 676–78 1277–80
      Salamish 678 1280
      Qala'un 678–89 1280–90
      Khalil 689–93 1290–94
      al-Nasir Muhammad (1st reign) 693–94 1294–95
      Kitbugha 694–96 1295–97
      Lajin 696–98 1297–99
      al-Nasir Muhammad (2nd reign) 698–708 1299–1309
      Baybars II 708–9 1309
      al-Nasir Muhammad (3rd reign) 709–41 1309–40
      Abu Bakr 741–42 1340–41
      Kujuk 742–43 1341–42
      Ahmad 743 1342
      Ismacil 743–46 1342–45
      Shacban I 746–47 1345–46
      Hajji I 747–48 1346–47
      al-Nasir al-Hasan (1st reign) 748–52 1347–51
      Salih 752–55 1351–54
      al-Nasir al-Hasan (2nd reign) 755–62 1354–61
      al-Mansur Muhammad 762–64 1361–63
      Shacban II 764–78 1363–76
      al-Mansur cAli 778–83 1376–82
      al-Salih Hajji II 783–84 1382
      [Barquq 784–91 1382–89]
      Hajji II (2nd reign) 791 1389
    Mamluk—Circassian (Burji) 784–922 1382–1517
      Barquq (1st reign) 784–91 1382–89
      [Hajji I 791–92 1389–90]
      Barquq (2nd reign) 792–801 1390–99
      Faraj (1st reign) 801–8 1399–1405
      al-Mansur cAbd al-cAziz 808 1405
      Faraj (2nd reign) 808–15 1405–12
      al-cAdil al-Mustacin 815 1412
      al-Mu'ayyad Shaykh 815–24 1412–21
      al-Muzaffar Ahmad 824 1421
      Tatar 824 1421
      al-Salih Muhammad 824–25 1421–22
      Barsbay 825–41 1422–37
      Yusuf 841–42 1437–38
      al-Zahir Jaqmaq 842–57 1438–53
      cUthman 857 1453
      Inal 857–65 1453–61
      al-Mu'ayyad Ahmad 865 1461
      Khushqadam 865–72 1461–67
      Bilbay 872 1467–68
      Timurbugha 872 1468
      al-Ashraf Qayitbay 872–901 1468–96
      al-Nasir Muhammad 901–3 1496–98
      Qansuh 903–5 1498–1500
      Janbalat 905–6 1500–1501
      al-cAdil Tuman Bay 906 1501
      Qansuh al-Ghawri 906–22 1501–17
      al-Ashraf Tuman Bay 922 1517
    Muhammad cAli 1220–1372 1805–1953
      Muhammad cAli 1220–64 1805–48
      Ibrahim 1264 1848
      cAbbas I 1264–70 1848–54
      Sacid 1270–80 1854–63
      Ismacil 1280–96 1863–79
      Tawfiq 1296–1390 1879–92
      cAbbas II Hilmi 1309–33 1892–1914
      Husayn Kamil 1333–35 1914–17
      Ahmad Fu'ad I 1335–55 1917–36
      Faruq 1355–71 1936–52
      Fu'ad II 1371–72 1952–53
    Arabian Peninsula
    Ziyadid 204–409 819–1018
    Yacfurid 247–387 861–997
    Qaramita 281–5th century 894–11th century
    Zuray'id 476–569 1083–1173
    Najahid 412–551 1021–1156
    Mahdid 554–569 1159–1173
    Sulayhid (Yemen) 439–532 1047–1138
      cAli ibn Muhammad 439–59 1047–67
      al-Mukarram Ahmad 459–77 1067–84
      al-Mukarram cAli 477–84 1084–91
      al-Mansur Saba' 484–92 1091–99
      al-Sayyida Arwa 492–532 1099–1138
    Hamdanid (Sanca') 492–569 1098–1173
    Ayyubid: see above under Egypt, Ayyubid—Yemen
    Rasulid (Yemen) 626–858 1229–1454
      al-Mansur cUmar I 626–47 1229–50
      al-Muzaffar Yusuf I 647–94 1250–95
      al-Ashraf cUmar II 694–96 1295–96
      al-Mu'ayyad Da'ud 696–721 1296–1322
      al-Mujahid cAli 721–64 1322–63
      al-Afdal al-cAbbas 764–78 1363–77
      al-Ashraf Ismacil I 778–803 1377–1400
      al-Nasir Ahmad 803–27 1400–1424
      al-Mansur cAbdullah 827–30 1424–27
      al-Ashraf Ismacil II 830–31 1427–28
      al-Zahir Yahya 831–42 1428–39
      al-Ashraf Ismacil III 842–45 1439–42
      al-Muzaffar Yusuf II 845 1442
    Tahirid (Yemen) 850–923 1446–1517
    Rassid Zaydi Imams 246–680 860–1281
    Qasimid Zaydi Imams 1000–1382 1592–1962
      al-Qasim al-Mansur 1000–1029 1592–1620
      Muhammad al-Mu'ayyad I 1029–54 1620–44
      Ismacil al-Mutawakkil 1054–87 1644–76
      Muhammad al-Mu'ayyad II 1087–92 1676–81
      Muhammad al-Hadi 1092–97 1681–86
      Muhammad al-Mahdi 1097–1128 1686–1716
      al-Qasim al-Mutawakkil 1128–39 1716–26
      al-Husayn al-Mansur (1st reign) 1139 1726
      Muhammad al-Hadi al-Majid 1139–40 1726–28
      al-Husayn al-Mansur (2nd reign) 1140–60 1728–47
      al-cAbbas al-Mahdi 1160–90 1747–76
      cAli al-Mansur (1st reign) 1190–1221 1776–1806
      Ahmad al-Mahdi 1221 1806
      cAli al-Mansur (2nd reign)
      al-Qasim al-Mahdi 1257–61 1841–45
      Muhammad Yahya 1261–89 1845–72
      [Ottoman occupation 1289–1308 1872–90]
      Hamid al-Din Yahya 1308–22 1890–1904
      Yahya Mahmud al-Mutawakkil 1322–67 1904–48
      Sayf al-Islam Ahmad 1367–82 1948–62
      Muhammad Badr 1382 1962
    al-Bu-Sacid 1154– 1741–
    Rashidid 1248–1342 1832–1923
    al-Sacud 1159– 1746–
      Muhammad ibn Sacud 1159–79 1746–65
      cAbd al-cAziz I 1179–1218 1765–1803
      Sacud ibn cAbd al-cAziz 1218–29 1803–14
      cAbdullah I ibn Sacud 1229–33 1814–18
      [Ottoman occupation 1233–38 1818–22]
      Turki 1238–49 1823–34
      Faysal I (1st reign) 1249–53 1834–37
      Khalid ibn Sacud 1253–57 1837–41
      cAbdullah II ibn Thunayyan 1257–59 1841–43
      Faysal I (2nd reign) 1259–82 1843–65
      cAbdullah III ibn Faysal (1st reign) 1282–87 1865–71
      Sacud ibn Faysal 1287–91 1871–74
      cAbdullah III ibn Faysal (2nd reign) 1291–1305 1874–87
      cAbd al-Rahman ibn Faysal (Rashid gov) 1305–8 1887–91
      Rashidi occupation of Riyadh 1308–19 1891–1902
      cAbd al-cAziz II 1319–73 1902–53
      Sacud 1373–84 1953–64
      Faysal II 1384–95 1964–75
      Khalid 1395–1402 1975–1982
      Fahd 1402– 1982–
    Iraq and Syria (before the Seljuqs)
    Hamdanid—Mosul 317–391 927–1000
      Nasir al-Dawla al-Hasan 317–58 929–69
      cUddat al-Dawla Abu Taghlib 358–79 969–89
      Ibrahim / al-Husayn (joint rule) 379–91 989–1000
    Hamdanid—Aleppo 333–394 945–1004
      Sayf al-Dawla cAli I 333–56 945–67
      Sacd al-Dawla Sharif I 356–81 967–91
      Sacid al-Dawla Sacid 381–92 991–1002
      cAli II 392–94 1002–4
      Sharif II 394 1004
    Mirdasid 414–472 1023–1079
    cUqaylid 380–489 990–1096
    Marwanid 372–478 983–1085
    Mazyadid 350–545 961–1150
    Inalid 490–579 1096–1183
    Caucasus (before the Seljuqs)
    Sajid 266–318 879–930
    Musafirid (or Sallarid or Kangarid) 304–483 916–1090
    Rawwadid 4th century–463 10th century–1071
    Sharwan Shahs—First Dynasty 183–381 799–991
    Sharwan Shahs—Second Dynasty 418–455 1027–1063
    Sharwan Shahs—Fourth Dynasty 1180–1236 1766–1821
    Shaddadid 340–571 951–1174
    Dabuyid 40–142 660–760
    Bawandid—Ka'usiya line 45–466 665–1074
    Bawandid—Ispahbadiya line 466–606 1074–1210
    Bawandid—Kinkhwariya line 635–750 1238–1349
    Baduspanid 40–1006 665–1599
    Zaydi cAlid (Tabaristan) 250–316 864–928
    Iran (before the Seljuqs)
    Tahirid 205–259 821–873
      Tahir I ibn al-Husayn 205–7 821–22
      Talha 207–13 822–28
      cAbdullah 213–30 828–45
      Tahir II 230–48 845–62
      Muhammad 248–59 862–73
    Samanid 204–395 819–1005
      Ahmad I ibn Asad ibn Saman 204–50 819–64
      Nasr I ibn Ahmad 250–79 864–92
      Ismacil I ibn Ahmad 279–95 892–907
      Ahmad II ibn Ismacil 295–301 907–14
      al-Amir al-Sacid Nasr II 301–31 914–43
      al-Amir al-Hamid Nuh I 331–43 943–54
      al-Amir al-Mu'ayyad cAbd al-Malik I 343–50 954–61
      al-Amir al-Sadid Mansur I 350–65 961–76
      al-Amir al-Rida Nuh II 365–87 976–97
      Mansur II 387–89 997–99
      cAbd al-Malik II 389–90 999–1000
      Ismacil II al-Muntasir 390–95 1000–1005
    Saffarid 253–ca. 900 867–ca. 1495
      Yacqub ibn Layth al-Saffar 253–65 867–79
      cAmr ibn Layth 265–88 879–901
      Tahir ibn Muhammad ibn cAmr 288–96 901–8
      Layth ibn cAli 296–98 908–10
      Muhammad ibn cAli 298 910
    Buyid—Iraq 334–447 945–1055
      Mucizz al-Dawla Ahmad 334–56 945–67
      cIzz al-Dawla Bakhtiyar 356–67 967–78
      cAdud al-Dawla Fana-Khusraw 367–72 978–82
      Samsam al-Dawla Marzuban 372–76 983–87
      Sharaf al-Dawla Shirzil 376–79 987–89
      Baha' al-Dawla Firuz 379–403 989–1012
      Sultan al-Dawla 403–12 1012–21
      Musharrif al-Dawla 412–16 1021–25
      Jalal al-Dawla Shirzil 416–35 1025–44
      cImad al-Din al-Marzuban 435–40 1044–48
      al-Malik al-Rahim Khusraw-Firuz 440–47 1048–55
    Buyid—Fars and Khuzistan 322–454 934–1062
      cImad al-Dawla cAli 322–38 934–49
      cAdud al-Dawla Fana-Khusraw 338–72 949–83
      Sharaf al-Dawla Shirzil 372–80 983–90
      Samsam al-Dawla Marzuban 380–88 990–98
      Baha' al-Dawla Firuz 388–403 998–1012
      Sultan al-Dawla 403–12 1012–21
      Musharrif al-Dawla Hasan 412–15 1021–24
      cImad al-Din Marzuban 415–40 1024–48
      al-Malik al-Rahim Khusraw-Firuz 440–47 1048–55
      Fulad-Sutun (Fars only) 447–54 1055–62
    Buyid—Kirman 324–440 936–1048
      Mucizz al-Dawla Ahmad 324–38 936–49
      cAdud al-Dawla Fana-Khusraw 338–72 949–83
      Samsam al-Dawla Marzuban 372–88 983–98
      Baha' al-Dawla Firuz 388–403 998–1012
      Qawam al-Dawla 403–19 1012–28
      cImad al-Din Marzuban 419–40 1028–48
    Buyid—Jibal 320–366 932–977
      cImad al-Dawla cAli 320–35 932–47
      Rukn al-Dawla Hasan 335–66 947–77
    Buyid—Hamadan and Isfahan 366–419 977–1028
      Mu'ayyid al-Dawla Buya 366–73 977–83
      Fakhr al-Dawla cAli 373–87 983–97
      Shams al-Dawla 387–412 997–1021
      Sama' al-Dawla 412–ca. 419 1021–ca. 1028
    Buyid—Rayy 366–420 977–1029
      Fakhr al-Dawla cAli 366–87 977–97
      Majd al-Dawla Rustam 387–420 997–1029
    Buyid—cUman 363–388 974–998
    Dulafid 210–284 825–898
    Banijurid 233–237 848–948
    Qarakhanid 382–607 992–1222
    Khwarazmshah—Afrighid ?–385 ?–995
    Khwarazmshah—Ma'munids/td> 385–408 995–1017
    Khwarazmshah—Governors 408–425 1017–1034
    Khwarazmshah—Anushtigin line 470–624 1077–1231
      Anushtigin Gharcha'i ca. 470–90 ca. 1077–97
      [Turkish governor 490 1097]
      Qutb al-Din Muhammad 490–521 1097–1127
      cAla' al-Din Atsiz 521–51 1127–56
      Il-Arslan 551–67 1156–72
      cAla' al-Din Tekish 567 1172
      [Rival ruler 567–89 1172–93]
      cAla' al-Din Muhammad 596–617 1200–1220
      Jalal al-Din 617–28 1220–31
    Ziyarid 315–483 927–1090
    Hasanwayhid 348–405 959–1014
    Ilyasid 320–357 932–968
    Kakuyid 398–443 1008–1051
    Seljuqs and Atabegs
    Great Seljuq 429–552 1037–1157
      Rukn al-Dunya wa-l-Din Toghril I (Tughril) 429–55 1038–63
      cAdud al-Dawla Alp-Arslan 455–65 1063–72
      Jalal al-Dawla Malik Shah I 465–85 1072–92
      Nasir al-Din Mahmud I 485–87 1092–94
      Rukn al-Din Berk-yaruq (Barkiyaruq) 487–98 1094–1105
      Mucizz al-Din Malik Shah II 498 1105
      Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad I 498–511 1105–18
      Mucizz al-Din Sanjar 511–52 1118–57
    Seljuq—Iraq 511–590 1117–1194
    Seljuq—Syria 471–511 1078–1117
    Seljuq—Kirman 433–583 1041–1187
    Seljuq—Rum: see below under Asia Minor
    Burid 497–549 1104–1154
    Zangid—Mosul 521–619 1127–1222
      cImad al-Din Zangi ibn Aq Sonqur 521–41 1127–46
      Sayf al-Din Ghazi I 541–44 1146–49
      Qutb al-Din Mawdud 544–64 1149–69
      Sayf al-Din Ghazi II 564–72 1169–76
      cIzz al-Din Mascud I 572–89 1176–93
      Nur al-Din Arslan Shah I 589–607 1193–1211
      cIzz al-Din Mascud II 607–15 1211–18
      Nur al-Din Arslan Shah II 615–16 1218–19
      Nasir al-Din Mahmud 616–19 1219–22
    Zangid—Aleppo 541–577 1146–1181
      Nur al-Din Mahmud ibn Zangi 541–69 1146–74
      Nur al-Din Ismacil 569–77 1174–81
    Zangid—Sinjar 566–617 1170–1220
    Zangid—Jazira 576–648 1180–1250
    Begteginid 539–630 1145–1233
    Artugid—Hisn Kayfa line 491–629 1098–1232
    Artugid—Mardin line 497–811 1104–1408
    Suqman Shahs 493–604 1100–1207
    Eldeguzid 531–622 1136–1225
    Salghurid 543–668 1148–1270
    Fadlawayhid 448–718 1056–1318
    Hazaraspid 550–827 1155–1424
    Qutlugh Khans 619–706 1222–1306
    Asia Minor and Turkey
    Seljuq—Rum 470–707 1077–1307
      Sulayman ibn Qutlumush 470–79 1077–86
      [Interregnum 479–85 1086–92]
      Qilich Arslan I 485–500 1092–1107
      Malik Shah 500–510 1107–16
      Rukn al-Din Mascud I 510–51 1116–56
      cIzz al-Din Qilich Arslan II 551–88 1156–92
      Ghiyath al-Din Kay Khusraw I (1st reign) 588–92 1192–96
      Rukn al-Din Sulayman II 592–600 1196–1204
      cIzz al-Din Qilich Arslan III 600–601 1204
      Ghiyath al-Din Kay Khusraw I (2nd reign) 601–7 1204–10
      cIzz al-Din Kay Ka'us I 607–16 1210–19
      cAla' al-Din Kay Qubadh I 616–34 1219–37
      Ghiyath al-Din Kay Khusraw II 634–44 1237–46
      cIzz al-Din Kay Ka'us II 644–46 1246–48
      Kay Ka'us II / Rukn al-Din Qilich Arslan IV (joint rule) 646–47 1248–49
      Kay Ka'us II / Qilich Arslan IV / cAla' al-Din Kay Qubadh II (joint rule) 647–55 1249–57
      Qilich Arslan IV 655–63 1257–65
      Ghiyath al-Din Kay Khusraw III 663–81 1265–82
      Ghiyath al-Din Mascud II (1st reign) 681–83 1282–84
      cAla' al-Din Kay Qubadh III (1st reign) 683 1284
      Ghiyath al-Din Mascud II (2nd reign) 683–92 1284–93
      cAla' al-Din Kay Qubadh III (2nd reign) 692–93 1293–94
      Ghiyath al-Din Mascud II (3rd reign) 693–700 1294–1301
      cAla' al-Din Kay Qubadh III (3rd reign) 700–702 1301–3
      Ghiyath al-Din Mascud II (4th reign) 702–4 1303–5
      cAla' al-Din Kay Qubadh III (4th reign) 704–7 1305–7
      Ghiyath al-Din Mascud III 707 1307
    Menqüchekid 464–ca. 650 1071–1252
    Danishmandid 464–573 1071–1177
    Isfendiyarid 690–866 1291–1461
    Saru Khanid 700–813 1300–1410
    Aydinid 708–829 1308–1425
    Germiyandid 699–832 1300–1429
    Hamidid 700–826 1239–1423
    Menteshadid 700–829 1300–1426
    Eretnaid 736–782 1335–1380
    Ramadanid 780–819 1378–1416
    Dhu-l-Qadrid 738–928 1337–1552
    Karamanid 654–888 1256–1483
    Ottoman 680–1342 1281–1924
      Ertugrul ca. 679–80 ca. 1280–81
      Osman 680–724 1281–1324
      Orhan 724–61 1324–60
      Murad I 761–91 1360–89
      Bayezid I 791–805 1389–1403
      [Interregnum 805–16 1403–13]
      Mehmet I Chelebi 816–24 1413–21
      Murad II (1st reign) 824–48 1421–44
      Mehmet II Fatih (1st reign) 848–50 1444–46
      Murad II (2nd reign) 850–55 1446–51
      Mehmet II Fatih (2nd reign) 855–86 1451–81
      Bayezid II 886–918 1481–1512
      Selim I Yavuz 918–26 1512–20
      Süleyman I Kanuni 926–74 1520–66
      Selim II 974–82 1566–74
      Murad III 982–1003 1575–95
      Mehmet III 1003–12 1595–1603
      Ahmed I 1012–26 1603–17
      Mustafa I (1st reign) 1026–27 1617–18
      Osman II 1027–31 1618–22
      Mustafa I (2nd reign) 1031–32 1622–23
      Murad IV 1032–49 1623–40
      Ibrahim 1049–58 1640–48
      Mehmet IV 1058–99 1648–87
      Süleyman II 1099–1102 1687–91
      Ahmed II 1102–6 1691–95
      Mustafa II 1106–15 1695–1703
      Ahmed III 1115–43 1703–30
      Mahmud I 1143–68 1730–54
      Osman III 1168–71 1754–57
      Mustafa III 1171–87 1757–74
      cAbdülhamid I 1187–1203 1774–89
      Selim III 1203–22 1789–1807
      Mustafa IV 1222–23 1807–8
      Mahmud II 1223–55 1808–39
      cAbdülmecid I 1255–77 1839–61
      cAbdüleziz 1277–93 1861–76
      Murad V 1293 1876
      cAbdülhamid II 1293–1327 1876–1909
      Mehmet V Reshad 1327–36 1909–18
      Mehmet VI 1336–41 1918–22
      cAbdülmecid II (caliph only) 1341–42 1922–24
    Kšprülü Wazirs 1066–1122 1656–1710
      Mehmet Pasha 1066–72 1656–61
      Fazil Ahmed Pasha 1072–87 1661–76
      Kara Mustafa Pasha (by marriage) 1087–95 1676–83
      Fazil Mustafa Pasha 1101–2 1689–91
      Hüseyin Pasha 1109–14 1697–1702
      Nucman Pasha 1122 1710
    Mongols
    Great Mongols 603–1043 1206–1634
    Ilkhanid 654–754 1256–1353
      Hülegü 654–63 1256–65
      Abaqa 663–80 1265–82
      Ahmad Tegüder 680–83 1282–84
      Arghun 683–90 1284–91
      Gaykhatu 690–94 1291–95
      Baydu 694 1295
      Mahmud Ghazan 694–703 1295–1304
      Muhammad Khudabanda Öljeytü (Uljaytu) 703–16 1304–17
      Abu Sacid 716–36 1317–35
      Arpa 736–37 1335–36
      Musa 737 1336
      Rival khans 736–54 1336–53
    Golden Horde 621–760 1224–1359
    White Horde 623–831 1226–1428
    Chaghatayid/td> 624–771 1227–1370
    Khans of Kazan 841–959 1438–1552
    Khans of Kasimof 854–1089 1450–1678
    Khans of Crimea 823–1197 1420–1783
    Iran (after the Mongols)
    Jalayirid 736–835 1336–1432
    Muzaffarid 713–795 1314–1393
    Injuid 703–758 1303–1357
    Sarbadarid 758–781 1357–1379
    Karts 643–791 1245–1389
    Qara Quyunlu 782–873 1380–1468
    Aq Quyunlu 780–914 1378–1508
    Safavid 907–1145 1501–1732
      Ismacil I 907–30 1501–24
      Tahmasp I 930–84 1524–76
      Ismacil II 984–85 1576–78
      Muhammad Khudabanda 985–96 1578–88
      cAbbas I 996–1038 1587–1629
      Safi I 1038–52 1629–42
      cAbbas II 1052–77 1642–66
      Sulayman I (Safi II) 1077–1105 1666–94
      Husayn I 1105–35 1694–1722
      Tahmasp II 1135–45 1722–32
      cAbbas III 1145–63 1732–49
      Sulayman II 1163 1749–50
      Ismacil III 1163–66 1750–53
      Husayn II 1166–1200 1753–86
      Muhammad 1200 1786
    Afsharid 1148–1210 1736–1795
      Nadir Shah (Tahmasp Quli Khan) 1148–60 1736–47
      cAdil Shah (cAli Quli Khan) 1160–61 1747–48
      Ibrahim 1161 1748
      Shah Rukh (in Khorasan) 1161–1210 1748–95
    Zand 1163–1209 1750–1794
      Muhammad Karim Khan 1163–93 1750–79
      Abu-l-Fath / Muhammad cAli (joint rulers) 1193 1779
      Sadiq (in Shiraz) 1193–95 1779–81
      cAli Murad (in Isfahan) 1193–99 1779–85
      Jacfar 1199–1203 1785–89
      Lutf cAli 1203–9 1789–94
    Qajar 1193–1342 1779–1924
      Agha Muhammad 1193–1212 1779–97
      Fath cAli Shah 1212–50 1797–1834
      Muhammad 1250–64 1834–48
      Nasir al-Din 1264–1313 1848–96
      Muzaffar al-Din 1313–24 1896–1907
      Muhammad cAli 1324–27 1907–9
      Ahmad 1327–42 1909–24
    Transoxiana and Afghanistan
    Timurid 771–912 1370–1507
      Timur 771–807 1370–1405
      Khalil 807–12 1405–9
      Shah Rukh 807–50 1405–47
      Ulugh Beg 850–53 1447–49
      cAbd al-Latif 853–54 1449–50
      cAbdullah 854–55 1450–51
      Abu Sacid 855–73 1451–69
      Ahmad 873–99 1469–94
      Mahmud ibn Abi Sacid 899–906 1494–1500
    Shaybanid 905–1007 1500–1598
    Janid 1009–1199 1559–1785
    Mangit 1170–1339 1757–1920
    Khans of Khiva 921–1290 1515–1872
    Ghaznavid 366–582 977–1186
      Nasir al-Dawla Sebüktigin 366–87 977–97
      Ismacil 387–88 997–98
      Mahmud 388–421 998–1030
      Muhammad (1st reign) 421 1030–31
      Mascud I 421–32 1031–41
      Muhammad (2nd reign) 432 1041
      Shihab al-Dawla Mawdud 432–41 1041–50
      Mascud II 441 1050
      cAli 441 1050
      cAbd al-Rashid 441–44 1050–53
      Qawam al-Dawla Toghril (usurper) 444 1053
      Farrukhzad 444–51 1053–59
      Ibrahim 451–92 1059–99
      Mascud III 492–508 1099–1114
      Shirzad 508–9 1114–15
      Arslan Shah 509–12 1115–18
      Bahram Shah 512–47 1118–52
      Khusraw Shah 547–55 1152–60
      Khusraw Malik 555–82 1160–86
    Ghurid 390–612 1000–1215

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #22 - July 25, 2014, 01:54 PM

    Reading this, why did not these various empires go West to the Americas?  They left it to upstarts who were then not that powerful -England, Spain, Portugal, Netherlands, Venice.

    When you are a Bear of Very Little Brain, and you Think of Things, you find sometimes that a Thing which seemed very Thingish inside you is quite different when it gets out into the open and has other people looking at it.


    A.A. Milne,

    "We cannot slaughter each other out of the human impasse"
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #23 - July 25, 2014, 08:43 PM

    An issue is the myth that these empires were united in the same fashion we associate with other empires like the British Empire at all times. From the 10th century until the emergence of the Ottoman Empire the Abbasid dynasty had little to no control over the empire. The Seljuk invasion along with fracturing of North African Emirates into independent states shifted the empire into a strictly eastern Seljuk Empire. Before this Spain and the Abbasid dynasty were enemies. Even during the peak of the early Muslim Empires it was more of a coalition of states which either acknowledged the dynasty or did not. If the Caliph had enough influence or raw military power these turned into rebellions and revolts. If the Caliph was weak these states become independent.

    There is also the change of European nations switching from gun-powder agricultural based economy to one of trade. The Ottomans never changed to this system even into the 19th century. It still followed an agricultural empire model. Hence why prized territories were the Balkans and Egypt. The Ottomans were already a center of trade due to the Spice/Silk Road. So there was little need to expand away from the source. If you look in history major conflicts of the Ottoman Empire were to the east. This is where they made their greatest gains in land and wealth, towards an economic source of the east. By the time of the Ottoman Empire European nations had largely solidified in what we see today. France was unified after numerous civil wars, external wars and dynastic wars with the English and the Germans. Spain had gained most of the Iberian Peninsula which followed a Union of Crowns with Aragorn and the 16th century Union with Portugal which lasted for 80 years. There is also the emergence of the Habsburg Empire. The Trade Republics of Italy were being formed. Poland and Hungry had become stable kingdoms. Austria was the dominate Dukedom of the Holy Roman Empire. Venice was at it's peak. There were too many other powers which the Ottomans had to conquer to even gain access to the Atlantic. The military capabilities of every nation was still limited to regional conflicts at this time. The projection of long term power was limited. The deck was stacked against the Ottomans while western European nations had unlimited access to the Atlantic and the New World.
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #24 - August 25, 2014, 10:18 PM

    Quote
    1500:    In the Burji Mamluks empire, Zahir Kanauh overthrown by Ashraf Gan Balat.
    1501:    Isamil I establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia, and the Twelve-Imam Shi'ism becomes the state religion.
    1507:    The Portuguese under d'Albuquerque establish strongholds in the Persian Gulf.
    1508:    Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, End of the White Sheep dynasty and the annexation of their territories by the Safawids.
    1511:    D'Albuquerque conquers Malacca from the Muslims.
    1517:    The Ottoman Sultan Selim Yavuz ("the Grim") defeats the Mamluks and conquers Egypt.
    1520:    The reign of Sulayman the Magnificent begins.
    1526:    Louis of Hungary dies at the Battle of Mohacs.
    1526:    The Battle of Panipat in India, and the Moghul conquest; Babur makes his capital at Delhi and Agra.
    1528:    The Ottomans take Buda in Hungary.
    1529:    Unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna.
    1550:    The architect Sinan builds the Suleymaniye mosque in Istanbul.
    1550:    The rise of the Muslim kingdom of Atjeh in Sumatra.
    1550:    Islam spreads to Java, the Moluccas, and Borneo.
    1556:    The death of Sulayman the Magnificent.
    1568:    Alpujarra uprising of the Moriscos (Muslims forcibly converted to Catholicism) in Spain.
    1571:    The Ottomans are defeated at the naval Battle of Lepanto, and their dominance in the Mediterranean is brought to a close.
    1578:    The Battle of the Three Kings at Qasr al-Kabir in Morocco. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed.
    1588:    Reign of Safavid Sultan Shah Abbas I begins.
    1591:    Mustaili Ismailis split into Sulaymanis and Daudis.
    1620:    In Turkey deposition of Mustafa, accession of Othman II.
    1623:    In Turkey Mustafa recaptured power.
    1625:    In Turkey deposition of Mustafa, accession of Murad IV.
    1627:    Death of the Mughal emperor Jahangir, accession of Shah Jahan.
    1628:    Reign of Safavid Sultan Shah Abbas I comes to an end.
    1629:    In Persia death of Shah Abbas; accession of grandson Safi.
    1631:    Death of Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and the lady of Taj Mahal, Agra.
    1637:    Death of Iskandar Muda in Indonesia; accession of Iskandar II.
    1640:    Death of Otthman Sultan Murad IV. accession of his brother Ibrahim.
    1641:    Turks capture Azov. In Indonesia death of Iskandar II; accession of the Queen Tajul Alam.
    1642:    In Persia death of Shah Safi, accession of Shah Abbas II.
    1648:    In Turkey Ibrahim deposed; accession of Muhammad IV.
    1656:    Muhammad Kuiprilli becomes the Grand Minister in Turkey.
    1658:    Deposition of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, accession of Aurangzeb.
    1661:    Death of Muhammad Kuiprilli, accession of his son Ahmad Kuiprilli.
    1667:    Death of Shah Abbas II; accession of Shah Sulaiman.
    1675:    Execution of the Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur. In Indonesia death of the queen Tajul Alam, accession of the queen Nur ul Alam.
    1676:    Death of the Grand Wazir of Turkey Ahmad Kuiprilli, succession by Kara Mustafa.
    1678:    In Indonesia death of the queen Nur ul Alam, accession of the queen Inayat Zakia.
    1680:    Death of Marhatta chieftain Shivaji.
    1682:    Assam annexed by the Mughals. Aurangzeb shifts the capital to Aurangabad in the Deccan.
    1683:    The Turks lift the siege of Vienna and retreat. Kara Mustafa the Grand Wazir executed for the failure of the expedition.
    1686:    Annexation of Bijapur by the Mughals.
    1687:    Golkunda annexed by the Mughals. Second battle of Mohads. Defeat of the Turks by Austria. Deposition of Muhammad IV. Accession of Sulaiman II.
    1688:    In Indonesia death of queen Inayat Zakia, accession of the queen Kamalah.
    1690:    Death of the Ottoman Sultan Sulaiman II, accession of Ahmad II.
    1692:    Death of the Turk Sultan Ahmad II, accession of Mustafa II.
    1694:    In Persia death of Shah Safi, accession of Shah Hussain.
    1699:    In Indonesia death of Queen Kamalah.


    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #25 - September 03, 2014, 05:20 AM

    Quote
    1700:   Murshid Quli Khan declares the independence of Bengal and establishes his capital at Murshidabad.
    1703:   Ahmad 11I becomes the Ottoman Sultan. Birth of Shah Wali Ullah. Birth of the religious reformer Muhammad b Abdul Wahab.
    1707:   Death of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, accession of his son Bahadur Shah.
    1711:   War between Turkey and Russia. Russia defeated at the battle of Pruth.
    1712:   Death of the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah, accession of Jahandar Shah.
    1713:   Jahandar Shah overthrown by his nephew Farrukh Siyar.
    1718:   In the war against Austria, Turkey suffers defeat. By the treaty of Passarowich Turkey loses Hungary.
    1719:   Deposition of the Mughal emperor Farrukh Siyar Muhammad Shah ascends the throne. In Sind the Kalhoras came to power under Nur Muhammad Kalhora.
    1722:   Saadat Khan found the independent state of Oudh. Battle of Gulnabad between the Afghans and the Persians. The Persians were defeated and the Afghans under Shah Mahmud became the masters of a greater part of Persia. Shah Hussain taken captive, accession of Shah Tahmasp II.
    1730:   Zanzibar freed from Portugese rule and occupied by Oreart.
    1747:   Ahmad Shah Durrani established Afghan rule in Afghanistan.
    1752:   Death of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, writer of Sassi Pannu, Sohni Mahinwal and Umer Marvo.
    1752:   Ahmed Shah Durrani captured Punjab, Kashmir and Sind.
    1761:   Death of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi.
    1761:   Battle of Panipat. Ahmad Shah Durrani came to India at the invitation of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi and smashed rising Maratha power in the battle of Panipat.
    1764:   Conversion to Islam of Areadi Gaya. ruler of Futa Bandu State in West Sudan.
    1773:   Death of Ahmad Shah Durrani.
    1783:   End of Kalhora rule in Sind.
    1797:   Death of Muhammad Khan Qachar, king of Persia.
    1797:   Russia occupied Daghestan.
    1799:   Ranjit Singh declared himself Maharajah of Punjab defeating Afghans.
    1799:   Khoqand declared independent Islamic State.


    The British Presence in India in the 18th Century

    Do not let silence become your legacy  
    I renounced my faith to become a kafir, 
    the beloved betrayed me and turned in to  a Muslim
     
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #26 - September 03, 2014, 06:39 AM

    Reading this, why did not these various empires go West to the Americas?  They left it to upstarts who were then not that powerful -England, Spain, Portugal, Netherlands, Venice.

    Their ships were a bit crap.

    Not sure Venice can be called an upstart. Even though the city state itself rose from uninhabited sand bars and lagoons, those who built it were very much part of trade and power systems that long pre-dated Islam.
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #27 - September 03, 2014, 06:45 AM

    I have been reading Hagarism and Shoemaker, and I would definitely revise the dates in the 600's!  Mo was definitely at the Battle of Jerusalem! 

    I no longer think he went anywhere near Mecca and Medina!

    When you are a Bear of Very Little Brain, and you Think of Things, you find sometimes that a Thing which seemed very Thingish inside you is quite different when it gets out into the open and has other people looking at it.


    A.A. Milne,

    "We cannot slaughter each other out of the human impasse"
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #28 - September 03, 2014, 06:46 AM

    And has there ever been an Ummah?

    When you are a Bear of Very Little Brain, and you Think of Things, you find sometimes that a Thing which seemed very Thingish inside you is quite different when it gets out into the open and has other people looking at it.


    A.A. Milne,

    "We cannot slaughter each other out of the human impasse"
  • Chronological History of Islam
     Reply #29 - September 03, 2014, 06:59 AM

    Come to think of it, Venetian ships weren't that great either. It was the backward Western Europeans who pioneered deep-draft ships capable of crossing the Atlantic. (I think.)
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