Proofs of Prophecy and the Refutation of the Isma'iliyya by Eva-Maria Lika
The French Orientalist Louis Massignon (1883–1962) referred to the 4th/10th century as “the Ismāʿīlī century in the history of Islam”.1 At the height of their power, the Ismāʿīlīs not only challenged the political status-quo, heretofore controlled by the ʿAbbāsid caliphate, but also posed a considerable threat to many religious communities. As a result, Islamic scholars from a variety of denominational backgrounds engaged in intellectual battles with the Ismāʿīliyya. With a pointed pen they composed refutations of what they considered to be the heretical teachings of this community and fought their ideas with the ultimate power of rational arguments.
One of the texts that emerged in this context is the Kitāb Ithbāt nubuwwat al-nabī, written by Abū l-Ḥusayn al-Muʾayyad bi-llāh al-Hārūnī (333/944– 411/1020). Al-Muʾayyad bi-llāh al-Hārūnī was an important scholar and imam of the Zaydī community in Tabaristan, a region south of the Caspian sea in modern-day northern Iran, where the Ismāʿīlī movement spread continuously. As its title indicates, al-Muʾayyad bi-llāh’s text belongs to the genre known as “proofs of prophecy”, which by then had become a classical theme in Islamic theology. But the text also incorporates a refutation of Ismāʿīlī doctrines. The present dissertation is dedicated to the study of these anti-Ismaʿīlī statements and their contextualization within the larger prophetological argument
That is from introduction of that book .. Looking Islam through the eyes present Iranian Islamic Intellectuals that migrated to west after the fall of shah of Iran in 1979 is interesting.,
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