My opinion is that Surah 96 has nothing to do with Muhammad, and is a badly misread pre-Islamic text. I would refer you to Luxenberg on that, and also to Guillaume Dye's wonderful article, where he points out (quite correctly) that even the first line of Surah 96 has been badly misread by Muslim tradition.
O.K. i would agree with that point that so-called 1st surah is incoherent and badly written., In fact I would say that is true to most of Quran..
.....For Surah 68, ..........it's precisely that inherent ambiguity that made it possible for Muslims to mis-read it in the first place. "Because he possesses wealth and sons." Who? We have no idea. .......
well that is exactly the point Zaotar,. to figure out who that guy was and why is it there in Quran.
For example, Surah 68 starts with "nun." Just the letter "nun." What does that mean? Nobody knows. Not Muslims, not Western scholars. It appears to be a relic of some previous text that was no longer understood when it was copied and recopied and edited and compiled. I don't believe the following text of Surah 68 is really any better understood than its first letter is!!!
well let us not worry about these letters in Quran.. Nun.. Alif.. Lam meem.. whatever., but with reference to that relic previous text
., well it is possible that may be a story., but we have have no proof.., But does that story of "two sons and bad guy" match to that Muhammad's paternal uncle Abū Lahab who opposed his Islam?
for example that surah Abu Lahab
The Sura of Abu Lahab
In the name of God, the most compassionate, the most merciful (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم)
Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab, and perish he,
His wealth will not avail him or that which he gained,
He will [enter to] burn in a Fire of [blazing] flame,
His wife [as well] - the carrier of firewood (thorns of Sadan which she used to put on the way of the Prophet).
Around her neck is a rope of twisted fiber (masadd).
also please read this hadith
1) Narrated Ibn Abbas.:
abu lahab, may Allah curse him, once said to the Prophet (p.b.u.h), "Perish you all the day." Then the Divine Inspiration came: "Perish the hands of Abi lahab! And perish he!" (111.1). (Book #23, Hadith #477)(2) Narrated 'Abdul Wahid bin Aiman:
I went to 'Aisha and said, "I was the slave of Utba bin abu lahab. "Utba died and his sons became my masters who sold me to Ibn abu Amr who manumitted me. The sons of 'Utba stipulated that my Wala' should be for them." 'Aisha said, "Buraira came to me and she was given the writing of emancipation by her masters and she asked me to buy and manumit her. I agreed to it, but Buraira told me that her masters would not sell her unless her Wala' was for them." 'Aisha said, "I am not in need of that." When the Prophet heard that, or he was told about it, he asked 'Aisha about it. 'Aisha mentioned what Buraira had told her. The Prophet said, "Buy and manumit her and let them stipulate whatever they like." So, 'Aisha bought and manumitted her and her masters stipulated that her Wala' should be for them." The Prophet;, said, "The Wala' will be for the liberator even if they stipulated a hundred conditions." (Book #46, Hadith #739)(3) Narrated Ibn Abbas: When the Verse:--'And warn your tribe of near-kindred, was revealed, the Prophet ascended the Safa (mountain) and started calling, "O Bani Fihr! O Bani 'Adi!" addressing various tribes of Quraish till they were assembled. Those who could not come themselves, sent their messengers to see what was there. abu lahab and other people from Quraish came and the Prophet then said, "Suppose I told you that there is an (enemy) cavalry in the valley intending to attack you, would you believe me?" They said, "Yes, for we have not found you telling anything other than the truth." He then said, "I am a warner to you in face of a terrific punishment." abu lahab said (to the Prophet) "May your hands perish all this day. Is it for this purpose you have gathered us?" Then it was revealed: "Perish the hands of abu lahab (one of the Prophet's uncles), and perish he! His wealth and his children will not profit him...." (111.1-5) (Book #60, Hadith #293)(4) Narrated Ibn Abbas: One day the Prophet ascended Safa mountain and said, "Oh Sabah! " All the Quraish gathered round him and said, "What is the matter?" He said, Look, if I told you that an enemy is going to attack you in the morning or in the evening, would you not believe me?" They said, "Yes, we will believe you." He said, "I am a warner to you in face of a terrible punishment." On that abu lahab said, "May you perish ! Is it for this thing that you have gathered us?" So Allah revealed: 'Perish the hands of abu lahab!...' (111.1) (Book #60, Hadith #325)(5) Narrated Jundub bin Sufyan:
Once Allah's Apostle became sick and could not offer his night prayer (Tahajjud) for two or three nights. Then a lady (the wife of abu lahab) came and said, "O Muhammad! I think that your Satan has forsaken you, for I have not seen him with you for two or three nights!" On that Allah revealed: 'By the fore-noon, and by the night when it darkens, your Lord (O Muhammad) has neither forsaken you, nor hated you.' (93.1-3) (Book #60, Hadith #475)
(6) Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When the Verse:-- 'And warn your tribe of near kindred.' (26.214) was revealed. Allah's Apostle went out, and when he had ascended As-Safa mountain, he shouted, "O Sabahah!" The people said, "Who is that?" "Then they gathered around him, whereupon he said, "Do you see? If I inform you that cavalrymen are proceeding up the side of this mountain, will you believe me?" They said, "We have never heard you telling a lie." Then he said, "I am a plain warner to you of a coming severe punishment." abu lahab said, "May you perish! You gathered us only for this reason? " Then abu lahab went away. So the "Surat:--ul--lahab" 'Perish the hands of abu lahab!' (111.1) was revealed. (Book #60, Hadith #495)
(7) Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet went out towards Al-Batha' and ascended the mountain and shouted, "O Sabahah!" So the Quraish people gathered around him. He said, "Do you see? If I tell you that an enemy is going to attack you in the morning or in the evening, will you believe me?" They replied, "Yes." He said, "Then I am a plain warner to you of a coming severe punishment." abu lahab said, "Is it for this reason that you have gathered us? May you perish ! " Then Allah revealed: 'Perish the hands of abu lahab!' (Book #60, Hadith #496)
( Narrated Ibn Abbas:
abu lahab said, "May you perish! Is it' for this that you have gathered us?" So there was revealed:-- 'Parish the hands of abu lahab' (Book #60, Hadith #497)
(9) Narrated Jundub:
Once the Prophet fell ill and did not offer the night prayer (Tahajjud prayer) for a night or two. A woman (the wife of abu lahab) came to him and said, "O Muhammad ! I do not see but that your Satan has left you." Then Allah revealed (Surat-Ad-Duha): 'By the fore-noon, and by the night when it darkens (or is still); Your Lord has not forsaken you, nor hated you.' (93) (Book #61, Hadith #506)
(10) Narrated Um Habiba:
(the wife of the Prophet) I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Will you marry my sister, the daughter of abu Sufyan." The Prophet said, "Do you like that?" I said, "Yes, for I am not your only wife, and the person I like most to share the good with me, is my sister." He said, "That is not lawful for me." I said, "O Allah's Apostle! We have heard that you want to marry Durra, the daughter of abu Salama." He said, "You mean the daughter of Um Salama?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Even if she were not my step-daughter, she is unlawful for me, for she is my foster niece. Thuwaiba suckled me and abu Salama. So you should not present to me your daughters and sisters." Narrated 'Ursa: Thuwaiba had been a slave girl whom abu lahab had emancipated. (Book #64, Hadith #285)
well much of the hadith is repetitive gibberish but would that so-called 2nd surah match bit of that hadith story of Abu Lahab??
Question is did Abu Lahab had any sons??