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Theme Changer

 Topic: Random Islamic History Posts

 (Read 133647 times)
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  • Random Islamic History Posts
     Reply #660 - February 17, 2022, 10:23 AM

    Kristina Richardson discussing her new work "Roma in the Medieval Islamic World" with Marina Rustow
    In Middle Eastern cities as early as the mid-8th century, the Sons of Sasan begged, trained animals, sold medicinal plants and potions, and told fortunes. They captivated the imagination of Arab writers and playwrights, who immortalized their strange ways in poems, plays, and the Thousand and One Nights. Using a wide range of sources, Richardson investigates the lived experiences of these Sons of Sasan, who changed their name to Ghuraba’ (Strangers) by the late 1200s. This name became the Arabic word for the Roma and Roma-affiliated groups also known under the pejorative term ‘Gypsies’.

    This book uses mostly Ghuraba’-authored works to understand their tribal organization and professional niches as well as providing a glossary of their language Sin. It also examines the urban homes, neighborhoods, and cemeteries that they constructed. Within these isolated communities they developed and nurtured a deep literary culture and astrological tradition, broadening our appreciation of the cultural contributions of medieval minority communities. Remarkably, the Ghuraba’ began blockprinting textual amulets by the 10th century, centuries before printing on paper arrived in central Europe. When Roma tribes migrated from Ottoman territories into Bavaria and Bohemia in the 1410s, they may have carried this printing technology into the Holy Roman Empire.

    Kristina Richardson is Associate Professor of History at Queens College and The Graduate Center, CUNY. She is the author of Difference and Disability in the Medieval Islamic World: Blighted Bodies (Edinburgh, 2012) and co-editor of Ayyām Kamāl al-Dīn: Ḥalab fī awākhir al-qarn al-‘āshir / The Notebook of Kamāl al-Dīn the Weaver (Beirut, 2021). She is currently writing a history of early Islamic Basra and its African and South Asian free and unfree laborers.

    Marina Rustow is the Khedouri A. Zilkha Professor of Jewish Civilization in the Near East and professor of Near Eastern Studies and History at Princeton University. She is Director of the Princeton Geniza Lab and a MacArthur fellow, and is the author of Heresy and the Politics of Community: The Jews of the Fatimid Caliphate.

  • Random Islamic History Posts
     Reply #661 - February 28, 2022, 09:10 PM

    Perspectives on Byzantium and Islam: A Symposium
    The Destruction of Images in Eighth-Century Palestine
    Robert Edwin Schick
    Research Fellow, American Center of Oriental Research, Amman, Jordan

    Untidy History: The Cairo Geniza Documents and Inter-Confessional Contacts
    Arnold E. Franklin
    Assistant Professor of History, Queens College, The City University of New York

    Images in the Heartland and Images in the Southern Periphery of the Byzantine Empire
    Gabriele Mietke
    Curator for Byzantine Art, Skulpturensammlung und Museum für Byzantinische Kunst, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin—Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz

    Transmission of Images in the Mediterranean
    Annie Labatt
    Chester Dale Fellow, MMA

    New Interpretations of the Entrance Facade at Qasr al-Mshatta, Jordan
    Claus-Peter Haase
    Director Emeritus, Museum für Islamische Kunst, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin—Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz, and Honorary Professor of Islamic Art and Archaeology, Freie Universität Berlin

  • Random Islamic History Posts
     Reply #662 - March 23, 2022, 11:28 AM

    Empires and Communities in the Post-Roman and Islamic World, C. 400-1000 CE

    This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations.

    This book deals with the ways empires affect smaller communities like ethnic groups, religious communities and local or peripheral populations. It raises the question how these different types of community were integrated into larger imperial edifices, and in which contexts the dialectic between empires and particular communities caused disruption. How did religious discourses or practices reinforce (or subvert) imperial pretenses? How were constructions of identity affected in the process? How were Egyptians accommodated under Islamic rule, Yemenis included in an Arab identity, Aquitanians integrated in the Carolingian empire, Jews in the Fatimid Caliphate? Why did the dissolution of Western Rome and the Abbasid Caliphate lead to different types of polities in their wake? How was the Byzantine Empire preserved in the 7th century; how did the Franks construct theirs in the 9th? How did single events in early medieval Rome and Constantinople promote social integration in both a local and a broader framework?

    Focusing on the post-Roman Mediterranean, this book deals with these questions from a comparative perspective. It takes into account political structures in the Latin West, in Byzantium and in the early Islamic world, and does so in a period that is exceptionally well suited to study the various expansive and erosive dynamics of empires, as well as their interaction with smaller communities. By never adhering to a single overall model, and avoiding Western notions of empire, this volume combines individual approaches with collaborative perspectives. Taken together, these chapters constitute a major contribution to the advancement of comparative studies on pre-modern empires.

    1. Introduction: Empires and Communities in the Post-Roman and Islamic World (Walter Pohl and Rutger Kramer)

    2. The Emergence of New Polities in the Break-Up of the Abbasid Caliphate (Hugh Kennedy)

    3. The Emergence of New Polities in the Break-Up of the Western Roman Empire (Walter Pohl)

    4. Comparative Perspectives: Differences between the Dissolution of the Western Roman Empire and the Abbasid Caliphate (Walter Pohl and Hugh Kennedy)

    5. Fragmentation and Integration: A Response to the Contributions by Hugh Kennedy and Walter Pohl (Peter Webb)

    6. Historicizing Resilience: The Paradox of the Medieval East Roman State; Collapse, Adaptation, and Survival (John Haldon)

    7. Processions, Power, and Community Identity: East and West (Leslie Brubaker and Chris Wickham)

    8. Death of a Patriarch: The Murder of Yuhanna ibn Jami (966) and the Question of 'Melkite' Identity in Early Islamic Palestine (Daniel Reynolds)

    9. Diversity and Convergence: The Accommodation of Ethnic and Legal Pluralism in the Carolingian Empire (Stefan Esders and Helmut Reimitz)

    10. Franks, Romans, and Countrymen: Carolingian Interests, Local Identities, and the Conquest of Aquitaine (Rutger Kramer)

    11. From the Sublime to the Ridiculous: Yemeni Arab Identity in Abbasid Iraq (including Appendix: translations of selected poems) (Peter Webb)

    12. Loyal and Knowledgeable Supporters: Integrating Egyptian Elites in Early Islamic Egypt (Petra Sijpesteijn)

    13. Concluding Thoughts: Empires and Communities (Chris Wickham)

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